Application of particle swarm optimization and proximal support vector machines for fault detection.
ABSTRACT This paper presents a novel application of particle swarm optimization (PSO) in combination with another computational intelligence
(CI) technique, namely, proximal support vector machine (PSVM) for machinery fault detection. Both real-valued and binary
PSO algorithms have been considered along with linear and nonlinear versions of PSVM. The time domain vibration signals of
a rotating machine with normal and defective bearings are processed for feature extraction. The features extracted from original
and preprocessed signals are used as inputs to the classifiers (PSVM) for detection of machine condition. Input features are
selected using a PSO algorithm. The classifiers are trained with a subset of experimental data for known machine conditions
and are tested using the remaining data. The procedure is illustrated using the experimental vibration data of a rotating
machine. The influences of the number of features, PSO algorithms and type of classifiers (linear or nonlinear PSVM) on the
detection success are investigated. Results are compared with a genetic algorithm (GA) and principal component analysis (PCA).
The PSO based approach gave test classification success above 90% which were comparable with the GA and much better than PCA.
The results show the effectiveness of the selected features and classifiers in detection of machine condition.