The determination of cloud altitudes using GOME reflectance spectra: multilayered cloud systems.
IEEE T. Geoscience and Remote Sensing 01/2004; 42:1009-1017. pp.1009-1017
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ABSTRACT: Cloud optical thickness (COT) has been retrieved using multiple optical instruments onboard ENVISAT and compared for consistency for a single cloud field over central Europe. To match the spatial resolution of the Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY), the results of retrievals from higher resolution instruments have been averaged on the scale of 30 times 60 km. It was found that the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS), Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR), and SCIAMACHY (all onboard ENVISAT) give close values of COT and, therefore, cloud albedo. Similar results have been obtained for Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer onboard the Terra satellite. This suggests that these instruments can be used for synergetic retrievals of cloud properties from space. For instance, the high spectral resolution of SCIAMACHY can be used to enhance MERIS or AATSR retrievals of cloud top height and other cloud characteristicsIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 02/2007; · 2.89 Impact Factor
Article: Intercomparison of Ground-Based Radar and Satellite Cloud-Top Height Retrievals for Overcast Single-Layered Cloud Fields[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The objective of this paper is to assess the accuracy of the Semi-Analytical CloUd Retrieval Algorithm (SACURA) that retrieves cloud-top heights (CTHs) using hyperspectral SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY) onboard Environmental Satellite measurements for overcast single-layer cloud fields. Intercomparisons with ground-based 35-GHz millimeter wave cloud radar CTHs were performed for 14 dates during 2003-2007 at the U.S. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program Southern Great Plains site (36.6deg N, 97.5deg W). In addition, for some of these dates, European Space Agency MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) and the NASA-TERRA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud-top pressure retrievals were also collected, transformed into CTHs using nearby ARM radiosonde profiles, and compared with the SACURA SCIAMACHY and radar retrievals. The accuracy of the SACURA-SCIAMACHY CTH retrievals is better than 0.34 km for low-level clouds and 2.22 km for high-level clouds with an underestimate in CTH on average for all clouds. The average bias in SCIAMACHY CTHs was about 0.07 km for low clouds and about 0.5 km for high-level clouds. Both MODIS and MERIS slightly overestimated the CTHs of low-level clouds by 300 m, with an uncertainty better than 1 km. However, although MODIS accuracy for high-level clouds is close to SCIAMACHY, MERIS CTHs were significantly underestimated for these fairly optically thick cases.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 08/2009; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The letter is devoted to the introduction of a new technique to derive the cloud bottom height (CBH) from satellite measurements of the cloud reflectance in the oxygen A-band. The information on the cloud top height needed in the retrieval of the CBH must be obtained from separate measurements to insure small biases in the retrieved CBH. Such measurements can be performed by a space-based lidar.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 08/2005; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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