Article

# Approximate resonance states in the semigroup decomposition of resonance evolution

Journal of Mathematical Physics (Impact Factor: 1.3). 01/2007; DOI:10.1063/1.2383069

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**We use the resonances of the spherical shell potential to present a thorough description of the Gamow (quasinormal) states within the rigged Hilbert space. It will be concluded that the natural setting for the Gamow states is a rigged Hilbert space whose test functions fall off at infinity faster than Gaussians.Journal of Mathematical Physics 10/2012; 53(10). · 1.30 Impact Factor - [show abstract] [hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We show that the existence of the family of self-adjoint Lyapunov operators introduced in [J. Math. Phys. 51, 022104 (2010)] allows for the decomposition of the state of a quantum mechanical system into two parts: A past time asymptote, which is asymptotic to the state of the system at t goes to minus infinity and vanishes at t goes to plus infinity, and a future time asymptote, which is asymptotic to the state of the system at t goes to plus infinity and vanishes at t goes to minus infinity. We demonstrate the usefulness of this decomposition for the description of resonance phenomena by considering the resonance scattering of a particle off a square barrier potential. We show that the past time asymptote captures the behavior of the resonance. In particular, it exhibits the expected exponential decay law and spatial probability distribution.International Journal of Theoretical Physics 01/2011; 50(7). · 1.09 Impact Factor - [show abstract] [hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**A Lyapunov operator is a self-adjoint quantum observable whose expectation value varies monotonically as time increases and may serve as a marker for the flow of time in a quantum system. In this paper it is shown that the existence of a certain type of Lyapunov operator leads to representations of the quantum dynamics, termed transition representations, in which an evolving quantum state ψ(t) is decomposed into a sum ψ(t) = ψb(t) + ψf(t) of a backward asymptotic component and a forward asymptotic component such that the evolution process is represented as a transition from ψb(t) to ψf(t). When applied to the evolution of scattering resonances, such transition representations separate the process of decay of a scattering resonance from the evolution of outgoing waves corresponding to the probability “released” by the resonance and carried away to spatial infinity. This separation property clearly exhibits the spatial probability distribution profile of a resonance. Moreover, it leads to the definition of exact resonance states as elements of the physical Hilbert space corresponding to the scattering problem. These resonance states evolve naturally according to a semigroup law of evolution.Journal of Mathematical Physics 03/2011; 52(3):032106-032106-28. · 1.30 Impact Factor

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