Room-temperature manipulation and decoherence of a single spin in diamond

University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, United States
Physical review. B, Condensed matter (Impact Factor: 3.66). 09/2006; 74(16). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.74.161203
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We report on room-temperature coherent manipulation of the spin of a single nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond and a study of its coherence as a function of magnetic field. We use magnetic resonance to induce Rabi nutations, and apply a Hahn spin echo to remove the effect of low-frequency dephasing. A sharp rise in the decoherence rate is observed at magnetic fields where the nitrogen-vacancy center spin couples resonantly to substitutional nitrogen spins via the magnetic dipolar coupling. Finally, we find evidence that away from these energy resonances spin flips of nitrogen electrons are the main source of decoherence.

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