A study of the association of human secretory component with IgA and IgM proteins.
ABSTRACT Human secretory component (SC) was isolated from colostral whey, and the binding of 125I-SC to purified IgA and IgM monoclonal proteins was studied using two methods to separate free from immunoglobulin-bound 125I-SC: a) gel filtration on Sephadex G-200, and b) precipitation of 125I-SC-Ig complexes with anti-Ig antibody. Both IgA dimeric proteins and IgM pentamers bound 125I-SC with approximately one SC-binding site per mole of polymer and similar affinity. Assuming a reversible equilibrium, an apparent association constant congruent to 10-8 M-1 was calculated to govern the binding of 125I-SC to immunoglobulin polymers. The assignment of a single association constant may be an oversimplication, particularly for the case of IgA polymers, since evidence was obtained that disulfide bonds were formed in the 125I-SC-IgA complex. Despite the complexity of the reaction, binding of 125I-SC to both IgA and IgM polymers could be analyzed by standard methods of saturation analysis, and both were shown to have a similar affinity for 125I-SC. No differences were noted in the affinity of 125I-SC binding to the IgA1 and IgA2 subclasses. Binding of monomeric IgA and IgM proteins could not be measured and was at least 100-fold lower than that found for IgA and IgM polymers. Complexes of 125I-SC with IgA dimers were presumed to involve covalent bond formation, since these complexes did not dissociate in guanidine-HCl. One IgA2 trimer did not form a covalent bond since it was completely dissociated in guanidine. In contrast, 125I-SC-IgM complexes were dissociated in denaturing solvent, indicating that such complexes were held together primarily by non-covalent bonds. Experiments with (Fc)5 mu isolated by high temperature tryptic digestion of IgM showed that binding of 125I-SC was to the Fc region of IgM proteins. It was suggested that the binding of SC with similar affinity to both IgA and IgM polymers may be important in the biologic function of both these immunoglobulin classes.
Article: Mucosal immunoglobulins.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Due to their vast surface area, the mucosal surfaces of the body represent a major site of potential attack by invading pathogens. The secretions that bathe mucosal surfaces contain significant levels of immunoglobulins (Igs), which play key roles in immune defense of these surfaces. IgA is the predominant antibody class in many external secretions and has many functional attributes, both direct and indirect, that serve to prevent infective agents such as bacteria and viruses from breaching the mucosal barrier. This review details current understanding of the structural and functional characteristics of IgA, including interaction with specific receptors (such as Fc(alpha)RI, Fc(alpha)/microR, and CD71) and presents examples of the means by which certain pathogens circumvent the protective properties of this important Ig.Immunological Reviews 09/2005; 206:64-82. · 12.16 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Transport of polymeric IgA onto mucosal surfaces to become secretory IgA is mediated by the polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR). To study the interaction of human dimeric IgA (dIgA) (the predominant form of IgA polymer) with the human pIgR (hpIgR), we generated recombinant wild-type dIgA1 and dIgA2m(1) and various mutant dIgA1 and analyzed their interaction with a recombinant human secretory component and membrane-expressed hpIgR. We found that wild-type dIgA1 and dIgA2m(1) bound to recombinant human secretory component with similar affinity and were transcytosed by the hpIgR to the same extent. Mutation of the IgA Calpha2 domain residue Cys311 to Ser reduced binding to hpIgR, possibly through disruption of noncovalent interactions between the Calpha2 domain and domain 5 of the receptor. Within the Calpha3 domain of IgA1, we found that combined mutation of residues Phe411, Val413, and Thr414, which lie close to residues previously implicated in hpIgR binding, abolished interaction with the receptor. Mutation of residue Lys377, located very close to this same region, perturbed receptor interaction. In addition, 4 aa (Pro440-Phe443), which lie on a loop at the domain interface and form part of the binding site for human FcalphaRI, appear to contribute to hpIgR binding. Lastly, use of a monomeric IgA1 mutant lacking the tailpiece revealed that the tailpiece does not occlude hpIgR-binding residues in IgA1 monomers. This directed mutagenesis approach has thus identified motifs lying principally across the upper surface of the Calpha3 domain (i.e., that closest to Calpha2) critical for human pIgR binding and transcytosis.The Journal of Immunology 12/2005; 175(10):6694-701. · 5.52 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The human polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR), also called transmembrane secretory component, is expressed basolaterally on exocrine epithelia, and mediates specific external transport of dimeric IgA and pentameric IgM. The extracellular part of pIgR consists of five Ig-like domains (D1-D5), and a highly conserved D1 region appears to mediate the initial noncovalent ligand interaction. While the human pIgR binds both dimeric IgA and pentameric IgM with high affinity, the rabbit counterpart has virtually no binding capacity for pentameric IgM. This remarkable disparity constitutes evidence that the binding site of the two ligands differs with regard to essential receptor contact elements. Therefore, we expressed human/rabbit chimeric pIgRs in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells and found that human pIgR D1 is crucial for the interaction with pentameric IgM when placed in the context of a full-length receptor regardless of its backbone species. D1 contains three complementarity-determining region-like loops (CDR1-3), and to further map human D1 regions involved in pentameric IgM binding, we transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney cells with human/rabbit chimeric receptors in which the regions containing the CDR-like loops had been interchanged. Our results showed that the region containing the CDR2-like loop is the most essential for pentameric IgM binding. The region containing the CDR1-like loop also contributed substantially to this interaction, whereas only little contribution was provided by the region containing the CDR3-like loop, although it appeared to be necessary for maximal pentameric IgM binding.The Journal of Immunology 06/1999; 162(10):6046-52. · 5.52 Impact Factor