Observations on decreased serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT) activity in azotemic patients.
ABSTRACT Serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT) activity may be decreased or even absent in patients with uremia. We correlated urea concentration with SGOT activity by the automated Rush (AutoAnalyzer, Techicon Instruments Corp., Tarrytown, New York) method (SGOT, SMA) and by the Henry-Karmen kinetic assay (SGOT, K). Extremely low SGOT (SMA) activity (less than 10 IU) was found in 6% of 5030 consecutive samples, and 71% of them occurred in patients with azotemia. SGOT activity was inversely proportional to urea concentration. A similar but less obvious pattern was observed with the SGOT (K) assay. SGOT activity increased significantly after hemodialysis in a group of 16 patients studied by both methods. It was not inhibited either by urea or uremic serum added in vitro. The explanation for this phenomenon is not known.
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ABSTRACT: Human urotensin II (UII) is a potent mammalian vasoconstrictor thought to be produced and cleared by the kidneys. Conflicting data exist regarding the relationship between UII concentrations, kidney function and blood pressure (BP). We measured the associations between kidney function [including end-stage renal disease (ESRD)] and levels of BP with plasma concentrations of UII. Ninety-one subjects were enrolled. Thirty-one subjects had ESRD (undergoing haemodialysis), 30 subjects had chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 30 control subjects had no kidney disease. Plasma UII concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay. Mean plasma UII concentrations were highest in controls, lower in subjects with ESRD and lowest in subjects with non-ESRD CKD (P<0.0001). UII concentrations correlated negatively with serum creatinine (P=0.0012) and CKD stage, and positively with creatinine clearance (P=0.013). In ESRD subjects, plasma UII (P=0.008) increased after dialysis, while SBP (P=0.007), DBP (P=0.009), serum creatinine (P<0.0001) and serum urea nitrogen (P<0.0001) decreased. UII concentrations were lower in patients with a history of hypertension (HTN) (P=0.016). Age, race and gender did not appear to be associated with UII concentration. However, the distribution of African American race and male gender appear to be associated with increasing stages of chronic kidney disease. These data suggest a potential vasodilatory role of UII in humans with kidney disease or hypertension. The reduction in UII levels in CKD also suggests either reduced production or greater clearance, or both, of UII.Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 02/2011; 26(2):609-14. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Little information on the long-term outcome of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in hemodialysis patients is available. We studied 49 hemodialysis patients, seen at three centers between 1969 and 1985, who developed HBV infection. Patients were studied retrospectively and followed for up to 10 years (mean 52 +/- 5 months). Only 20% (n = 10) of patients converted to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) negative, the majority of whom did so within 6 months of becoming HBsAg positive. Twenty-nine percent (n = 14) of patients developed chronic elevation of liver enzymes which remitted in one patient. Only one patient died from liver disease. We conclude that HBV infection in hemodialysis patients more often results in persistent antigenemia and chronic elevation of liver enzymes than is the case in patients without kidney disease. However, the risk of death from liver disease is low.American Journal of Kidney Diseases 04/1988; 11(3):210-3. · 5.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aim. The galactose single-point (GSP) test assesses functioning liver mass by measuring the galactose concentration in the blood 1 hour after its administration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of hemodialysis (HD) on short-term and long-term liver function by use of GSP test. Methods. Seventy-four patients on maintenance HD (46 males and 28 females, 60.38 ± 11.86 years) with a mean time on HD of 60.77 ± 48.31 months were studied. The GSP values were compared in two groups: (1) before and after single session HD, and (2) after one year of maintenance HD. Results. Among the 74 HD patient, only the post-HD Cr levels and years on dialysis were significantly correlated with GSP values (r = 0.280, P < 0.05 and r = -0.240, P < 0.05, resp.). 14 of 74 patients were selected for GSP evaluation before and after a single HD session, and the hepatic clearance of galactose was similar (pre-HD 410 ± 254 g/mL, post-HD 439 ± 298 g/mL, P = 0.49). GSP values decreased from 420.20 ± 175.26 g/mL to 383.40 ± 153.97 g/mL after 1 year maintenance HD in other 15 patients (mean difference: 19.00 ± 37.66 g/mL, P < 0.05). Conclusions. Patients on maintenance HD for several years may experience improvement of their liver function. However, a single HD session does not affect liver function significantly as assessed by the GSP test. Since the metabolism of galactose is dependent on liver blood flow and hepatic functional mass, further studies are needed.TheScientificWorldJournal. 01/2014; 2014:260939.