Evaluation of the dysmyelopoiesis in 336 patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia: major importance of dysgranulopoiesis for remission and survival.
ABSTRACT Myelodysplastic features and myeloperoxidase (MPO) deficiency have been investigated in a series of 336 cases of de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) to clarify their impact on the outcome of such patients and to compare with the previous results from the literature. Dysplastic features were defined according to the FAB criteria. Trilineage disease (TLD) was observed in 11.6% of patients (39 cases), and the complete remission rate (CR) was 56.4% for TLD patients compared to 74.4% for patients without any dysplastic features (p = 0.03). The effects of dysgranulopoiesis (DysM) alone or in combination were assessed using a logistic regression analysis. This analysis revealed that only DysG had any effect on CR rate (p = 0.013). The CR rate for patients with DysG was 56.6% and 71.5% for patients without DysG. We were unable to find any correlation between MPO deficiency, dysplastic features and CR rate. Cytogenetic analysis could be assessed for 119 patients. For patients with DysG, 10 karyotypes were normal and 20 were abnormal compared to 48 normal and 41 abnormal for patients without DysG (p = 0.05). We conclude that the presence of DysG in de novo AML exerts a negative effect on the ability to achieve a CR and is related to a higher frequency of cytogenetic abnormalities.
SourceAvailable from: onlinelibrary.wiley.comBritish Journal of Haematology 10/1993; 85(2). DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.1993.tb03198.x · 4.96 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We retrospectively analyzed 449 patients with AML under the WHO classification of AML 2008 and probed implications of this classification in diagnosis and treatment of acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC) among them. The clinical presentations, biological features, treatments and prognosis of patients diagnosed with AML-MRC were analyzed and compared with those of AML not otherwise specified (AML-NOS). In all patients, 115 (25.6%) were diagnosed as AML-MRC including 64 males and 51 females with median onset age of 48 years (range from 17 to 78). Their complete remission (CR) rate was 60.9 % and relapse rate was 57.1%. The observed median overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 10 and 5 months respectively, which was significantly shorter than those of AML-NOS patients (P<0.05). The prognosis of AML-MRC patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)-related cytogenetics sole was similar to those with history of MDS or myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm (MDS / MPN). Patients with MDS-related cytogenetic abnormalities and/or history of MDS or MDS/MPN predisposed significantly shortened CR, OS and DFS than AML-MRC patients with only multilineage dysplasia(MLD) and AML-NOS patients (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that age, cytogenetics and history of MDS or MDS / MPN were independent prognostic factors. Patient diagnosed as AML-MRC presented distinctive clinical and biological features. Presence of MLD does not change the prognosis.American Journal of Hematology 09/2014; 89(9). DOI:10.1002/ajh.23772 · 3.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The clinical characteristics and prognostic relevance of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with myelodysplastic features remains to be clarified in children. We prospectively examined 443 newly diagnosed patients in a multicentre clinical trial for paediatric de novo AML, and found ‘AML with myelodysplasia-related changes’ (AML-MRC) according to the 2008 World Health Organization classification in 93 (21·0%), in whom 59 were diagnosed from myelodysplasia-related cytogenetics alone, 28 from multilineage dysplasia alone and six from a combination of both. Compared with 111 patients with ‘AML, not otherwise specified’ (AML-NOS), patients with ‘AML-MRC’ presented at a younger age, with a lower white blood cell count, higher incidence of 20–30% bone marrow blasts, unfavourable cytogenetics and a lower frequency of Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD), NPM1 and CEBPA mutations. Complete remission rate and 3-year probability of event-free survival were significantly worse in ‘AML-MRC’ patients (67·7 vs. 85·6%, P < 0·01, 37·1% vs. 53·8%, P = 0·02, respectively), but 3-year overall survival and relapse-free survival were comparable with ‘AML-NOS’ patients. By multivariate analysis, FLT3-ITD was solely associated with worse overall survival. These results support the distinctive features of the category ‘AML-MRC’ even in children.British Journal of Haematology 07/2014; 167(1). DOI:10.1111/bjh.12993 · 4.96 Impact Factor