Coarse-spray immunization of one-day-old broilers against enteric reovirus infections.
ABSTRACT Coarse-spray (CS) administration of a commercial S1133 reovirus vaccine was evaluated in 1-day-old specific-pathogen-free broilers for prevention of clinical infection induced by intratracheal challenge with two enteric reovirus isolates. In Expt. 1, chickens were challenged at 4 days of age with either the 2408 or CO8 isolate. In Expt. 2, chickens were challenged at 7 days of age with either isolate. In Expt. 3, chickens were challenged at 3, 5, or 7 days of age with the 2408 isolate. In Expt. 1, vaccinated birds showed significant protection against challenge with either isolate at 4 days of age as measured by morbidity, mortality, gross lesions, and body weight. In Expt. 2, vaccinated birds showed greater protection against challenge at 7 days of age. In Expt. 3, resistance in vaccinated birds increased with time between vaccination and challenge. Vaccinated birds challenged at 3 days of age showed no significant protection, whereas vaccinated birds challenged at 5 or 7 days of age had increased resistance. This vaccine did not induce a drop in weight gain, morbidity, mortality, or microscopic lesions in the tendons.