Transforming growth factor-beta enhances calcitonin-induced cyclic AMP production and the number of calcitonin receptors in long-term cultures of human umbilical cord blood monocytes in the presence of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol.
ABSTRACT Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional polypeptide, abundant in bone, that regulates both proliferation and differentiation of a wide variety of cells, but its role in osteoclast differentiation remains controversial. We have recently shown that long-term cultures of human cord blood monocytes, in the presence of 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25-(OH)2D3), give rise to cells that express two markers of the osteoclast phenotype, namely, the vitronectin receptor (VNR) and the calcitonin receptor (CTR). TGF-beta enhanced the proportion of cells expressing the VNR. In the present study, we investigated the effect of TGF-beta on the expression of CTR in cord blood monocytes cultured during 3 weeks in the presence of 1,25-(OH)2D3. When added within the first 2 weeks of culture, TGF-beta (500 pg/ml) significantly decreased the cell protein content. TGF-beta alone did not stimulate basal cAMP production. The 10 nM-sCT-stimulated cAMP production was enhanced by increasing TGF-beta concentrations from 50 pg/ml to 1,000 pg/ml: for 500 pg/ml TGF-beta, it was 294 +/- 28% vs. 140 +/- 25% for control cultures (p less than 0.01). The sCT dose-response curves showed a higher cAMP production from 10(-9) M to 10(-7) M of sCT in the presence of 500 pg/ml TGF-beta than in control cultures. The increase was 325 +/- 36% in the presence of TGF-beta and 195 +/- 13% in the absence of TGF-beta, for 10(-7) M sCT (p less than 0.01). This effect of TGF-beta on cAMP production was not observed either when it was added to monocyte cultures the last day or 2 hours before the end of the culture or in MCF7, a human breast cancer cell line that expresses CTR. [125I]-sCT binding studies performed on confluent cells showed similar Kd in control and TGF-beta-treated cells. By contrast, the CTR number was significantly increased in the presence of TGF-beta: 6.1 +/- 2 x 10(4) receptors per cell in control cultures and 28.8 +/- 8.1 x 10(4) receptors per cell in TGF-beta-treated cultures (p less than 0.05). It is thus suggested that TGF-beta increases the number of CTR of these cells that have other features of preosteoclasts. The role of this cytokine on the process of osteoclast differentiation and in bone resorption is thus emphasized.
- Physiological Reviews 11/1986; 66(4):855-86. · 30.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A human breast cancer cell line, MCF 7, is shown to possess a specific calcitonin receptor and calcitonin responsive adenylate cyclase, and calcitonin treatment results in activation of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. Studies with several analogues of calcitonin show that the receptor and adenylate cyclase response preserve the ability to discriminate among the structure-function relationships of the calcitonin molecule. The same cell line has been shown recently to possess a receptor for the steroid hormone, 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D. Coexistence in MCF 7 cells of receptors for two calcium-regulating hormones may be related to the osteoclast-like properties of these cells.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/1980; 96(1):150-6. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Demineralized bone matrix contains a number of growth factors for osteoblast-like cells. Two of these, the novel glycoprotein osteoinductive factor (OIF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta), act together to cause ectopic bone formation in vivo. Since OIF, like TGF beta, is likely released from bone when the matrix is resorbed, we examined the effects of homogeneous OIF and TGF beta on osteoclast function. Osteoclast function was tested in isolated avian osteoclasts and was measured in terms of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity, oxygen-derived free radical production, and formation of characteristic resorption lacunae on slices of sperm whale dentine. OIF (50-100 ng/ml) inhibited the capacity of these osteoclasts to form lacunae whether assessed by the number of excavations per slice or by the total area resorbed. OIF (10-100 ng/ml) or TGF beta (10-20 ng/ml) caused a decrease in TRAP activity as well as a reduction in oxygen-derived free radical generation detected by nitroblue tetrazolium staining. TGF beta had no effect on the resorption capacity of isolated osteoclasts in concentrations that inhibited TRAP activity and nitroblue tetrazolium staining. These results suggest that growth regulatory factors, such as OIF and TGF beta, released during the resorption of bone may be endogenous inhibitors of continued osteoclastic activity. This cessation of osteoclast activity may be an essential preliminary step to the new bone formation that occurs at resorption sites during bone remodeling.Endocrinology 07/1990; 126(6):3069-75. · 4.72 Impact Factor