Detection of mutations in the p53 gene in human head and neck carcinomas by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis.
ABSTRACT Using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis, we have examined the highly conserved regions of the p53 gene in 58 biopsy samples of head and neck tumors. Mutations were found in 13/58 (23%) tumor specimens, but not in 6 normal tissues. Ten of 13 mutations were due to single base changes and the remaining 3 were 1- or 8-base deletion mutants. These mutations were clustered in exons 5 and 7 and resulted in amino acid changes. Our results seem to indicate that mutations in the p53 gene contribute to a significant number of cases of the head and neck tumors including 20% of nasopharyngeal carcinoma biopsies. The relationship of Epstein-Barr virus or human papillomavirus and p53 gene mutations in this group of cancers was also analyzed and discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Head and neck carcinomas represent the sixth most frequent type of cancer in the world, and 90% are derived from squamous cells (HNSCC). In this study of 15 HNSCC cases, extensive aneuploidy was detected by G banding in most tumors. The most frequently observed numerical changes involved gain of a chromosome 22, and loss of chromosomes Y, 10, 17, and 19. The most frequent structural alteration was del(22)(q13.1). As compared to G-banding, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) proved to be an effective technique for detecting aneuploidy. Interphase FISH with a chromosome 17 centromere probe disclosed a high frequency of monosomy for chromosome 17, in contrast with G-banding, by which clonal monosomy 17 was detected in only three of the tumors. Painting probes for chromosomes 5 and 16 were used to evaluate a selected series of HNSCC in which G-banding analysis had shown marker chromosomes. FISH analysis failed to confirm the origin of the marker chromosomes, but four out of five cases showed a significant loss of chromosomes 5. This difference between FISH and G-banding results may reflect the smaller number of metaphase analyzed as well as the criteria adopted for sorting these metaphases. Therefore results obtained solely by G-banding analysis should be considered with caution. Our data confirmed the involvement of chromosome 17 in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas.Genetics and Molecular Biology. 01/2003;
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ABSTRACT: Overexpression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) has been found to be significantly associated with the tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, and prognosis of a variety of human cancers. This study examined the expression of HIF-1 alpha in 57 specimens of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), 41 specimens of oral epithelial dysplasia (OED, 12 mild, 17 moderate, and 12 severe OED cases), and 14 specimens of normal oral mucosa (NOM) by immunohistochemistry. We found that the mean nuclear HIF-1 alpha labeling indices (LIs) increased significantly from NOM (9 +/- 6%) through mild OED (25 +/- 18%), moderate OED (41 +/- 27%), and severe OED (42 +/- 22%) to OSCC samples (55 +/- 23%, P < 0.001). A significant correlation was found between the higher mean nuclear HIF-1 alpha LI and OSCCs with larger tumor size (P < 0.001), regional lymph node metastasis (P < 0.001), or more advanced clinical stages (P < 0.001). Only larger tumor size (P = 0.002) and nuclear HIF-1 alpha LI >or= 60% (P = 0.048) were identified as independent unfavorable prognosis factor by multivariate analyses with Cox regression model. Kaplan-Meier curve showed that OSCC patients with a nuclear HIF-1 alpha LI >or= 60% had a significantly poorer cumulative survival than those with a nuclear HIF-1 alpha LI < 60% (log-rank test, P = 0.022). We conclude that the expression of HIF-1 alpha is an early event in oral carcinogenesis. The nuclear HIF-1 alpha LI in OSCC samples can predict the progression of OSCCs and the survival of OSCC patients.Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 02/2008; 37(1):18-25. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study reports the results of mutation detection of tumour suppressor genes, p53 and RB2/p130 genes in Malaysian nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) studied by PCR-CSGE analysis and direct DNA sequencing method. Frequent sites of mutation in both genes (exons 5-8 of p53 and exons 19-21 of RB2/p130) were examined. Thirty-six NPC blood samples and three NPC cell lines were investigated for the presence of mutations. No mutation of p53 and RB2/p130 genes was identified in any of the blood samples. Nonetheless, there was an identical G-->4 C nucleotide change at codon 280 of p53 gene in all the cell lines. A larger study that includes biopsy tissues should be carried out to provide a more in-depth look into the pathogenesis of NPC in Malaysia.The Malaysian journal of pathology 06/2006; 28(1):35-9.