Highly repeated DNA sequences in birds: the structure and evolution of an abundant, tandemly repeated 190-bp DNA fragment in parrots.
ABSTRACT Up to 6.8% of the parrot (Psittaciformes) genome consists of a tandemly repeated, 190-bp sequence (P1) located in the centromere of many if not all chromosomes. Monomer repeats from 10 different psittacine species representing four subfamilies were isolated and cloned. The intraspecific sequence variation ranged from 1.5 to 7%. The interspecific sequence variation ranged from less than 3% between two species of cockatoos to approximately 45% between cockatoos and other parrots. The monomer sequences of all 10 parrot species contained several conserved (> 90%) sequence elements at identical locations within the repeat. A comparison with tandemly repeated DNA sequences in other avian species showed that several of these conserved elements were also present at similar locations within the 184-bp repeat of the Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis), suggesting a great antiquity of the repeat. One of the elements was also found in the tandemly repeated sequences of the crane (Gruidae) and falcon (Falconidae) families. The data were used for the construction of a partial most parsimonious relationship that supports a regional subdivision of the Psittaciformes.
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ABSTRACT: To contribute to the knowledge of fish genomes, we identified and characterized by means of nucleotide sequencing and physical chromosome mapping, three classes of repetitive DNAs in the genome of the South American cichlid fish Astronotus ocellatus. The first class corresponds to a satellite DNA family (AoSat) that shares similarity with a centromeric satellite DNA of the pufferfish Tetraodon nigroviridis. The second repetitive DNA class (AoRex3) is related to the retrotransposon Rex3, which is widely distributed among teleost fishes. The last repetitive element (AoLINE) shows a high similarity to the CR1-like LINE element of other teleosts. The three isolated repetitive elements are clustered in the centromeric heterochromatin of all chromosomes of the complement. The repetitive sequences are not randomly distributed in the genome, suggesting a pattern of compartmentalization on chromosomes.Genetica 01/2009; 136(3):461-9. · 1.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The parrot family consists of approximately 330 species, many of which are endangered due to habitat destruction and illegal trade. Microsatellite markers can provide important tools for examining both conservation and forensic issues in this family, and the availability of additional markers will prove useful for studies of other species in the parrot family. Parrots have proved a difficult family from which to develop microsatellites and cross-species amplification is generally lower than expected. This paper details 13 microsatellite loci isolated from the Moluccan Cockatoo and Cuban Amazon and their conservation in other species of parrots.Conservation Genetics 07/2007; 8(4):991-994. · 2.18 Impact Factor
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