Article

Humanization of an anti-p185HER2 antibody for human cancer therapy.

Department of Protein Engineering, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 06/1992; 89(10):4285-9. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.89.10.4285
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The murine monoclonal antibody mumAb4D5, directed against human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (p185HER2), specifically inhibits proliferation of human tumor cells overexpressing p185HER2. However, the efficacy of mumAb4D5 in human cancer therapy is likely to be limited by a human anti-mouse antibody response and lack of effector functions. A "humanized" antibody, humAb4D5-1, containing only the antigen binding loops from mumAb4D5 and human variable region framework residues plus IgG1 constant domains was constructed. Light- and heavy-chain variable regions were simultaneously humanized in one step by "gene conversion mutagenesis" using 311-mer and 361-mer preassembled oligonucleotides, respectively. The humAb4D5-1 variant does not block the proliferation of human breast carcinoma SK-BR-3 cells, which overexpress p185HER2, despite tight antigen binding (Kd = 25 nM). One of seven additional humanized variants designed by molecular modeling (humAb4D5-8) binds the p185HER2 antigen 250-fold and 3-fold more tightly than humAb4D5-1 and mumAb4D5, respectively. In addition, humAb4D5-8 has potency comparable to the murine antibody in blocking SK-BR-3 cell proliferation. Furthermore, humAb4D5-8 is much more efficient in supporting antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity against SK-BR-3 cells than mumAb4D5, but it does not efficiently kill WI-38 cells, which express p185HER2 at lower levels.

1 Follower
 · 
160 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Herstatin (HST) is an alternatively spliced HER2 product with growth-inhibitory properties in experimental cancer systems. The role of HST in adult human tissues and disease remains unexplored. Here, we investigated HST expression at the mRNA and protein (immunohistochemistry [IHC]) level in parallel with parameters reflecting HER activation in 187 breast carcinomas and matched noncancerous breast tissues (NCBT). Noncancerous breast tissues demonstrated the highest HST/HER2 transcript ratios corresponding to a few positive epithelial and stromal cells by IHC. Although HST/HER2 transcript ratios in tumors were inversely associated with HER2 IHC grading (P = .0048 for HER2 IHC-1+ and P = .0006 for HER2 IHC-2+ vs HER2-negative tumors), relative HST expression within the same tumor/NCBT system remained constant. HST/HER2 ratios did not predict the presence of HST protein, which was found in 46 (25%) of 187 tumors. A subgroup of HER2 IHC-3+ tumors exhibited high HST/HER2 transcript ratios, strong HST protein positivity, and cytoplasmic phospho-Akt/PKB and p21(CIP1/WAF1) localization. In conclusion, HST may act as a paracrine factor in the adult breast. Because HST is described as an endogenous pan-HER inhibitor, the presence of this protein in breast carcinomas may portent the inefficiency of exogenous efforts to block HER2 dimerization, whereas its absence may justify such interventions.
    Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.) 08/2008; 10(7):687-96. DOI:10.1593/neo.08314 · 5.40 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ErbB-2 overexpression in breast tumors is associated with poor survival. Expression of Notch-1 and its ligand, Jagged-1, is associated with the poorest survival, including ErbB-2-positive tumors. Trastuzumab plus chemotherapy is the standard of care for ErbB-2-positive breast cancer. A proportion of tumors are initially resistant to trastuzumab and acquired resistance to trastuzumab occurs in metastatic breast cancer and is associated with poor prognosis. Thus, we investigated whether Notch-1 contributes to trastuzumab resistance. ErbB-2-positive cells have low Notch transcriptional activity compared to non-overexpressing cells. Trastuzumab or a dual epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/ErbB-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) increased Notch activity by 2- to 6-fold in SKBr3, BT474 and MCF-7/HER2-18 cells. The increase in activity was abrogated by a Notch inhibitor, gamma-secretase inhibitor (GSI) or Notch-1 small-interfering RNA (siRNA). Trastuzumab decreased Notch-1trade mark precursor, increased amount and nuclear accumulation of active Notch-1(IC) and increased expression of targets, Hey1 and Deltex1 mRNAs, and Hes5, Hey1, Hes1 proteins. Importantly, trastuzumab-resistant BT474 cells treated with trastuzumab for 6 months expressed twofold higher Notch-1, twofold higher Hey1, ninefold higher Deltex1 mRNAs and threefold higher Notch-1 and Hes5 proteins, compared to trastuzumab-sensitive BT474 cells. The increase in Hey1 and Deltex1 mRNAs in resistant cells was abrogated by a Notch-1 siRNA. Cell proliferation was inhibited more effectively by trastuzumab or TKI plus a GSI than either agent alone. Decreased Notch-1 by siRNA increased efficacy of trastuzumab in BT474 sensitive cells and restored sensitivity in resistant cells. Trastuzumab plus a GSI increased apoptosis in sensitive cells by 20-30%. A GSI alone was sufficient to increase apoptosis in trastuzumab-resistant BT474 cells by 20%, which increased to 30% with trastuzumab. Notch-1 siRNA alone decreased cell growth by 30% in sensitive and more than 50% in resistant BT474 cells. Furthermore, growth of both trastuzumab sensitive and resistant cells was completely inhibited by combining trastuzumab plus Notch-1 siRNA. More importantly, Notch-1 siRNA or a GSI resensitized trastuzumab-resistant BT474 cells to trastuzumab. These results demonstrate that ErbB-2 overexpression suppresses Notch-1 activity, which can be reversed by trastuzumab or TKI. These results suggest that Notch-1 might play a novel role in resistance to trastuzumab, which could be prevented or reversed by inhibiting Notch-1.
    Oncogene 06/2008; 27(37):5019-32. DOI:10.1038/onc.2008.149 · 8.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have previously demonstrated that anti-HER2/neu IgG3-(IL-2), (IL-12)-IgG3, or IgG3-(GM-CSF) antibody fusion proteins (mono-AbFPs) elicit anti-tumor activity against murine tumors expressing HER2/neu when used as adjuvants of extracellular domain of HER2/neu (ECD(HER2)) protein vaccination. We have now studied the effect of combinations of IL-2 and IL-12 or IL-12 and GM-CSF mono-AbFPs during vaccination with ECD(HER2). In addition, we developed two novel anti-HER2/neu IgG3-cytokine fusion proteins in which IL-2 and IL-12 or IL-12 and GM-CSF were fused to the same IgG3 molecule (bi-AbFPs). (IL-12)-IgG3-(IL-2) and (IL-12)-IgG3-(GM-CSF) were properly assembled and retained both cytokine activity and the ability to bind antigen. Vaccination of mice with ECD(HER2) and a combination of cytokines as either bi-AbFPs or two mono-AbFPs activated both Thl and Th2 immune responses and resulted in significant protection against challenge with a HER2/neu expressing tumor. Our results suggest that this approach will be effective in the prevention and/or treatment of HER2/neu expressing tumors.
    Vaccine 02/2006; 24(3):304-16. DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2005.07.073 · 3.49 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
10 Downloads
Available from