Role of the dopaminergic system in depression.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA.
Biological Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 9.47). 08/1992; 32(1):1-17. DOI: 10.1016/0006-3223(92)90137-O
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A hypothesis implicating dopamine in depression was proposed over 15 years ago (Randrup et al 1975). The identification of multiple new subtypes of dopamine receptors and evolving views regarding the function of the dopamine systems in the brain require a reexamination of this hypothesis. Results from studies in depression, Parkinson's disease, and animal models of depression suggest a deficiency of dopamine in depression. Dopamine precursors, dopamine agonists, and dopamine reuptake inhibitors show therapeutic efficacy in depression. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and standard pharmacological antidepressants enhance dopamine function. Studies using receptor-specific drugs in clinical trials and neuroimaging studies are needed to further clarify the role of dopamine in depression.

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