Distribution of bone remodeling units in the otic capsule of the rabbit. A semiquantitative morphometric study.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Acta Oto-Laryngologica (Impact Factor: 1.11). 02/1992; 112(3):462-9. DOI: 10.3109/00016489209137427
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Distribution of bone remodeling units (BRU) in relation to the perilymphatic space was studied in undecalcified temporal bones from adult rabbits labeled in vivo with bone-seeking fluorochromes. Based on recordings of focal bone formation, relative densities of BRUs inside concentric tissue zones around the inner ear spaces were estimated. Zonal densities of BRUs were found to decline towards the perilymphatic space, lending further support to the existence of a local inner ear mechanism in control of capsular bone tissue dynamics. The possible nature of this mechanism is considered briefly with special reference to inner ear electromechanic activity.

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    ABSTRACT: The bony shell surrounding the inner ear is known to have a very pronounced centripetal inhibition of remodelling in vivo, with almost no bone turnover immediately adjacent to the perilymphatic spaces and a gradually increasing turnover rate towards outer parts of the bony otic capsule. By the use of in vitro markers of bone resorption, including an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for quantification of type I collagen degradation and a colorimetric enzyme assay for quantification of osteoclast tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity, this study demonstrates that there are no ex vivo differences in bone matrix resorption between the inner and outer parts of the otic capsule when exposed to seeded osteoclasts from rabbits. Thus, the unique spatial distribution of perilabyrinthine bone turnover is not caused by a shift in resorbability from inner to outer capsular bone that is due to inherent bone quality differences particular to these bone compartments. More likely, the sustained action of some intravital 'field force', originating from the inner ear spaces, is responsible for the unique spatial distribution of the otic capsular bone turnover found in vivo. Though the character of this force is not yet defined, it is appealing to relate it to the large electromagnetic potential gradient present in the inner ear.
    ORL 01/2000; 62(5):235-40. · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the compact bony otic capsule remodeling is low, and bone remodeling units are distributed centrifugally in relation to inner ear tissues and spaces. Fluorochrome-labeled bone remodeling units are scarce, abortive, and tortuous with no uniform direction of movement. This study presents a method for the estimation of volume-referent bone turnover based on measurements of the fractional area between labels after sequential labeling with osteofluorochromes. The applicability of this method is tested against a classical quantification method in undecalcified cortical specimens from the canine humerus, where both methods can be used. The estimate of bone turnover derived from the new sequential labeling in eight dogs is 7.4% (SEM 2.1%) per year and the classic estimate derived from calculations of the formative osteonal area and the formative period yields 6.9% (SEM 2.1%) per year. Agreement is sufficient to justify future measurements of absolute bone turnover in sequentially labeled perilabyrinthine bone.
    Bone 07/1998; 22(6):677-82. · 3.82 Impact Factor