Ultracompact polarization converter with a dual subwavelength trench built in a silicon-on-insulator waveguide
ABSTRACT The design and fabrication of an ultracompact silicon-on-insulator polarization converter is reported. The polarization conversion with an extinction ratio of 16 dB is achieved for a conversion length of only 10 μm. Polarization rotation is achieved by inducing a vertical asymmetry by forming in the waveguide core two subwavelength trenches of different depths. By taking advantage of the calibrated reactive ion etch lag, the two depths are implemented using a single mask and etching process. The measured converter loss is −0.7 dB and the 3 dB bandwidth is 26 nm.
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ABSTRACT: A design of ultra-short integrated polarization rotator (PR) with nonlinear and flat-tip tapers is demonstrated theoretically. Based on mode-evolution theory and three-dimensional (3D) finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation, raised cosine profiled tapers are introduced and optimized in the transition region, which improve the polarized modes coupling and decrease the conversion length to 6 μm for the wavelength of 1.55 μm. Numerical simulations obtain extinction ratio of 32 dB and loss of 0.14 dB with practical material parameters. The method and result presented here can be extremely valuable for applications in polarization diversity circuits.Optics Express 06/2013; 21(12):14888-14894. · 3.55 Impact Factor