Article

Adaptação de instrumento de auto-percepção da qualidade de vida para indivíduos saudáveis: um estudo piloto

Gerais: Revista Interinstitucional de Psicologia 01/2008; 1:102-112.

ABSTRACT A qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) é um desfecho cuja avaliação tem despertado interesse
crescente na área de saúde, principalmente no caso de doenças crônicas como a esclerose múltipla (EM). Uma
das principais dificuldades na área é dispor de instrumentos que permitam tanto a avaliação de aspectos
específicos pertinentes a cada doença, quanto à comparação entre diferentes entidades nosológicas. Tendo por
base um modelo modular, que permite a avaliação simultânea de questões específicas e genéricas, e o qual foi
validado para uso no Brasil, desenvolveu-se um instrumento para a comparação da QVRS entre indivíduos
saudáveis e portadores de doenças crônicas como a EM. No presente estudo, de natureza preliminar, descrevese
o desenvolvimento do instrumento chamado DEFIS e suas características psicométricas relacionadas à
consistência interna e capacidade de discriminar entre portadores de EM e três amostras da população saudável
(estudantes universitários, educadoras e técnicas de enfermagem). Os resultados mostram que a versão adaptada
do DEFIS para ser utilizada na população saudável possui características psicométricas adequadas, o que
permite seu uso para comparar e discriminar o perfil de qualidade de vida dos indivíduos saudáveis do perfil
dos portadores de EM.

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