Maintenance of open gay relationships: some strategies for protection against HIV.
ABSTRACT The role of sexual exclusivity (monogamy) in relation to HIV, and the use of rule making in non-exclusive (open) relationships, are discussed. Data from interviews with 387 homosexually active men are presented. The most common sexual/relational configuration amongst these men is that of open relationships. Sexual non-exclusivity was found to be associated with longer relationships, and a greater age difference between partners. The strategies some of these men are using to maintain sexually non-exclusive relationships are outlined. These rules pertain both to interpersonal dynamics and HIV prevention. Differing epidemiological significance of the rules and some implications for health education are discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Since the mid-1980s, Australian social researchers have investigated the sexual practices of gay men, describing those that protect men from HIV or put them at risk of infection. Ground-breaking (and controversial) publications have highlighted a variety of ways in which gay men protect themselves and their partners, including condom use and non-condom-based risk reduction strategies. HIV social research in Australia has been heavily influenced by a distinctive network of experts or epistemic community with shared principles and beliefs and a commitment to influencing policy and practice. This epistemic community has articulated a 'social public health' view of HIV that emphasises partnership, agency, understanding practices and reflexivity. This approach has clashed with those of other epistemic communities, notably around ideas of relapse and unsafe sex. This article uses the examples of negotiated safety and serosorting to illustrate this Australian epistemic community's approach to HIV risk reduction among gay men.AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education 06/2014; 26(3):214-23. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study identified relevant themes within the hostile-world scenario (HWS) concept among lesbian and gay adolescents and young adults. The HWS refers to an image of major threats to one's physical and mental integrity, and thus presents a meaningful structure of stressors that may be particularly aggravated among stigmatized minorities. An Israeli sample of 219 homosexuals (136 men, 83 women; mean age 20.9) was compared with 219 matched heterosexuals. Results showed gays and lesbians as more concerned with HWS themes of victimization (by crime and discrimination), lack of social and family support, poor health condition, disrupted relationships, and aging. This study specifies ingredients of vulnerability among homosexuals in face of challenging life conditions.Journal of Applied Social Psychology 07/2013; 43(7). · 0.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper identifies the stages of gay male relationships through a qualitative analysis of the interviews of 12 gay men within the context of the Sternberg () three component model of love. Four stages were identified: Confrontation with sexuality: Preparing for intimacy, Exploration of Sexuality: Engaging with passion, Experimentation with Relationships: Uniting intimacy and passion, and Formation of Committed Relationships: Integrating passion, intimacy, and commitment. Confrontation with Sexuality was a necessary first step before forming intimate relationships, as it provided a context for the second stage of Exploration of Sexuality, where passion could be explored. Once sexuality had been explored, Experimentation with Relationships was the next stage which involved uniting passion with intimacy, often including a period of experimenting with the types of relationships that are usually explored much earlier for heterosexuals. Finally, the fourth stage of Formation of Committed Relationships was identified which involved the integration of passion, intimacy, and commitment. The therapeutic implications of these results are elaborated by an analysis of these stages in clinical cases.Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy. 03/2013; 34(1).