Laser surgery of the larynx: the case for caution.
ABSTRACT Laser surgery has been advocated for treatment of many laryngeal lesions. Although the CO2 laser has many advantages, its safe use requires special education of the surgeon and operating room team, and considerable surgical skill. Several dangers inherent in laser use for laryngeal surgery must be considered. These include vocal fold scarring secondary to thermal injury, loss of histopathologically important tissue through vaporization, airway fire and others. Laser-related complications must be considered whenever use of this instrument is contemplated.
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Article: Use of lasers in laryngeal surgery.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Lasers are a relatively recent addition to laryngeal surgery. Since their invention, laser use and applications have expanded rapidly. In this article, we discuss the benefits and disadvantages of lasers for different procedures, as well as ways to overcome commonly faced clinical problems. The use of lasers in surgery has offered a time- and cost-efficient alternative to cold surgical techniques, and has been used in the treatment of numerous laryngeal pathologies, including stenoses, recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, leukoplakia, nodules, malignant laryngeal disease, and polypoid degeneration (Reinke's edema). However, lasers can incur adjacent tissue damage and vocal fold scarring. These problems can be minimized through understanding the mechanisms by which lasers function and correctly manipulating the parameters under a surgeon's control. By varying fluence, power density, and pulsation, tissue damage can be decreased and lasers can be used with greater confidence. The various types of lasers and their applications to the treatment of specific pathologies are reviewed with the intention of helping surgeons select the best tool for a given procedure. Recent applications of lasers to treat benign laryngeal lesions and severe laryngomalacia demonstrate that additional research must be conducted to realize the full potential of this surgical tool.Journal of voice: official journal of the Voice Foundation 06/2009; 24(1):102-9. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ignition of the tracheal tube during laser microlaryngeal surgery under general anesthesia is an uncommon complication with potentially serious consequences. We present here a case of a patient with glottic stenosis following endotracheal intubation, who experienced this potentially catastrophic combustion during endoscopic arytenoidectomy, using a diode laser under general anesthesia via 60% FiO2, with an airway fire occurring at the tracheostomy tube and causing tubal damage and obstruction. The anesthetic connecting tube was immediately disconnected and the tracheostomy tube replaced. No adverse consequences to this patient's upper airway were noted during follow-up visits. Higher oxygen concentrations, the presence of combustibles, and the narrowness of the surgical field during endolaryngeal diode laser surgery are risk factors for airway fires.The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 05/2006; 22(4):199-202. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Digital kymography and vocal fold curve fitting are blended with detailed symmetry analysis of kymograms to provide a comprehensive characterization of the vibratory properties of injured vocal folds. Vocal fold vibration of 12 excised canine larynges was recorded under uninjured, unilaterally injured, and bilaterally injured conditions. Kymograms were created at 25%, 50%, and 75% of the vocal fold length, and vibratory parameters were compared quantitatively among conditions and were studied with respect to right-left and anterior-posterior symmetries. Anterior-posterior amplitude asymmetry was found in the bilateral condition. The unilateral condition showed significant right-left amplitude asymmetry, and it showed the lowest right-left phase symmetry among the conditions. In condition comparisons, vertical phase difference did not show significant differences among conditions, whereas amplitudes were significantly different among conditions at all line scan positions and most vocal fold lips. Significant differences in frequency were found among the conditions at all 4 vocal fold lips, with the bilateral condition exhibiting the greatest frequency. Digital kymography and curve fitting provide detailed information about the vibratory behavior of injured vocal folds. Awareness of vibratory properties associated with vocal fold injury may aid in diagnosis, and the quantitative abilities of digital kymography may allow for objective treatment selection.Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 08/2011; 54(4):1022-38. · 1.97 Impact Factor