Water solubilization of hydrophobic nanocrystals by means of poly(maleic anhydride-alt-1-octadecene)
ABSTRACT Poly(maleic anhydride-alt-1-octadecene), a cheap and commercially available polymer, was used to water-solubilize colloidal nanocrystals with various compositions, morphologies, and sizes. Highly pure nanoparticles with homogeneous distributions of sizes and surface charges were obtained after a single purification step of the polymer-coated particles by ultracentrifugation, saving precious time as compared to a previously published and similar polymer coating procedure. This simple strategy proved also to be generally applicable and represents a valid methodology to water-solubilize nanoparticles.
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- "The phase transfer of hydrophobic nanoparticles of a variety of different core materials has been demonstrated by Pellegrino et al. (2004), using commercial poly(maleic anhydride alt-1-tetradecene), which is no longer available. The still available analogue poly(maleic anhydride alt-1-octadecene) can be used with an adopted procedure (Di Corato et al. 2008). A similar commercial derivative with tertiary amino groups has also been used for nanoparticle coating and phase transfer (Qi & Gao 2008), saving the step of postmodification with dimethylethylenediamine and EDC (Yezhelyev et al. 2008). "
ABSTRACT: Inorganic colloidal nanoparticles are very small, nanoscale objects with inorganic cores that are dispersed in a solvent. Depending on the material they consist of, nanoparticles can possess a number of different properties such as high electron density and strong optical absorption (e.g. metal particles, in particular Au), photoluminescence in the form of fluorescence (semiconductor quantum dots, e.g. CdSe or CdTe) or phosphorescence (doped oxide materials, e.g. Y(2)O(3)), or magnetic moment (e.g. iron oxide or cobalt nanoparticles). Prerequisite for every possible application is the proper surface functionalization of such nanoparticles, which determines their interaction with the environment. These interactions ultimately affect the colloidal stability of the particles, and may yield to a controlled assembly or to the delivery of nanoparticles to a target, e.g. by appropriate functional molecules on the particle surface. This work aims to review different strategies of surface modification and functionalization of inorganic colloidal nanoparticles with a special focus on the material systems gold and semiconductor nanoparticles, such as CdSe/ZnS. However, the discussed strategies are often of general nature and apply in the same way to nanoparticles of other materials.Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 03/2010; 368(1915):1333-83. DOI:10.1098/rsta.2009.0273 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Transparent colloidal aqueous solutions of anatase nanocrystals were hydrothermally synthesized from aqueous transparent sols with tetramethylammonium titanate colloids, the surfaces of which were modified with citric acid, by structural conversion of the titanate to anatase. This modification hindered coalescence of the titanate colloids during the hydrothermal synthesis. Although the amount of citric acid adsorbed on the colloids was reduced during hydrothermal treatment, a small amount of citric acid was adsorbed on the resulting anatase nanocrystals. Moreover, the use of the titanate colloids as a precursor was compared with the use of a citrato Ti complex, tetramethylammonium citratotitanate. The hydrothermal treatment of the transparent aqueous solutions of the Ti complex yielded opaque solutions with large anatase colloids, suggesting that the titanate colloids were useful for preparing transparent anatase colloidal solutions. Because the shape and size of resulting colloids may be dependent on the size and shape of starting colloids, the use of titanate colloids as a precursor may make it easy to control size and shape of anatase colloids. KeywordsAnatase–Hydrothermal synthesis–Nanocrystal–Titanate–Water-dispersible colloidJournal of Nanoparticle Research 01/2010; 13(1):273-281. DOI:10.1007/s11051-010-0027-y · 2.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) with diameters of 16.1, 20.5, and 20.8 nm prepared from iron oleate precursors were coated with poly(maleic acid-alt-1-octadecene) (PMAcOD). The coating procedure exploited hydrophobic interactions of octadecene and oleic acid tails while hydrolysis of maleic anhydride moieties allowed the NP hydrophilicity. The PMAcOD nanostructure in water and the PMAcOD-coated NPs were studied using transmission electron microscopy, zeta-potential measurements, small-angle X-ray scattering, and fluorescence measurements. The combination of several techniques suggests that independently of the iron oxide core and oleic acid shell structures, PMAcOD encapsulates NPs, forming stable hydrophilic shells which withstand absorption of hydrophobic molecules, such as pyrene, without shell disintegration. Moreover, the PMAcOD molecules are predominantly attached to a single NP instead of self-assembling into the PMAcOD disklike nanostructures or attachment to several NPs. This leads to highly monodisperse aqueous samples with only a small fraction of NPs forming large aggregates due to cross-linking by the copolymer macromolecules.The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 02/2008; 112(43):16809-16817. DOI:10.1021/jp8053636 · 4.84 Impact Factor