Study of CO oxidation on polycrystalline Pt electrodes in acidic solution by ATR-SEIRAS

The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (Impact Factor: 4.77). 07/2011; 115:16378-16388. DOI: 10.1021/jp104181y


Adsorption and electro-oxidation of CO on a polycrystalline Pt electrode in acidic solutions were systematically revisited by in situ attenuated-total-reflection surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (ATR-SEIRAS) in conjunction with related Gram–Schmidt response analysis. CO was either adsorbed in the double-layer region, i.e., 0.45 V (RHE) (denoted as CO@DL) or in the hydrogen underpotential deposition region, i.e., 0.1 V (RHE) (denoted as CO@UPD). The results indicate that the CO@UPD and H2Ofree coexisted structure (or simply costructure) forms only at a sufficiently high global CO coverage (H2Ofree denotes hydrogen-bonding-broken water); In contrast, the CO@DL and H2Ofree costructure forms in an earlier adsorption phase, less dependent on the global CO coverage. The partial oxidation of CO from solution and weakly adsorbed COL at the active sites is suggested to yield a prepeak that occurs with the relaxation of the COad-H2Ofree costructure and the disorganization of the outer water net layers. In the main oxidation process, the oxidation of CO@UPD tends to proceed via the “mean-field approximation” kinetics due to the high COad mobility resulting from the oxidation prepeak. The oxidation process of CO@DL is, however, likely via the “nucleation and growth” kinetics due to the good stability of the local CO@DL and H2Ofree costructured islands. The H2Ofree can be better assigned to the “probe” of the local COad coverage rather than the main oxygenated species for COad oxidation according to the spectral results for both CO@UPD and CO@DL.

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    • "This is due to the strong adsorption of CO on the electrode surface, blocking the electrocatalytic sites from further oxidation of fuel. Consequently, methanol oxidation along with CO adsorption and oxidation on electrocatalysts such as Pt surfaces has been an intensely researched field for several decades [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]. Many studies have sought to gain enough understanding of this system to find CO-tolerant catalysts or to engineer a Pt surface structure or morphology with a lower propensity toward CO adsorption [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]. "
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