Attitudes towards mental patients.
ABSTRACT A study of attitudes towards mental patients was made using a questionnaire developed by Lehtinen and Väisänen. Five hundred and fourteen persons from different parts of Finland filled in the questionnaire. The attitudes were generally positive, although, as in other studies, the attitudes of those older and less educated were more negative compared with the other groups. This result was interpreted as a generational effect, which will vanish as the educational level of the population increases. The questionnaire also included questions about the attitudes and behaviour of 'other people'. The attitudes of 'other people' were thought to be very negative compared with one's own attitudes.
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ABSTRACT: While there have been many quantitative studies on the public's attitude towards mental illnesses, it is hard to find quantitative study which focused on the contextual effect on the public's attitude. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that affect the public's beliefs and attitudes including contextual effects. We analyzed survey on the public's beliefs and attitudes towards mental illness in Korea with multi-level analysis. We analyzed the public's beliefs and attitudes in terms of prejudice as an intermediate outcome and social distance as a final outcome. Then, we focused on the associations of factors, which were individual and regional socio-economic factors, familiarity, and knowledge based on the comparison of the intermediate and final outcomes. Prejudice was not explained by regional variables but was only correlated with individual factors. Prejudice increased with age and decreased by high education level. However, social distance controlling for prejudice increased in females, in people with a high education level, and in regions with a high education level and a high proportion of the old. Therefore, social distance without controlling for prejudice increased in females, in the elderly, in highly educated people, and in regions with a high education and aged community. The result of the multi-level analysis for the regional variables suggests that social distance for mental illness are not only determined by individual factors but also influenced by the surroundings so that it could be tackled sufficiently with appropriate considering of the relevant regional context with individual characteristics.Journal of preventive medicine and public health = Yebang Ŭihakhoe chi. 03/2012; 45(2):90-7.
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ABSTRACT: A systematic literature review was performed to map Finnish research on stigma related to mental disorders. Searches of nine electronic databases resulted in a wide variety of research, from psycho-historical studies to ongoing population surveys of population attitudes. A set of studies have measured experience of stigma and discrimination among people with mental disorders. Qualitative research among service users highlights the important role that mental health professionals and their classification systems have in creating identities, feelings of otherness and even self-stigmatisation among service users. Quantitative data indicate that more about one in three persons with a mental disorder experience stigma due to their disorder, and international comparisons indicate that personal stigma of people with schizophrenia is at least not less common in Finland than in other developed countries. Fortunately, institutionalised discrimination in public services seems to be uncommon in Finland. Another extensive set of studies, ranging over more than 50 years, have measured attitudes towards people with mental disorders among the general population. Attitudes of older people have been more negative than attitudes of younger people, which has been interpreted as a generational effect. In earlier studies women had more negative attitudes, but nowadays men have more negative attitudes. Education has consistently been linked to more favourable attitudes. The overall picture given by a repeated population survey, implemented since 2005, indicates that in this short perspective general population attitudes in Finland are rather stable, but there are some signs of a positive development. In the recent years, social acceptance seems to have increased somewhat, and more people tend to believe that you can live a full life despite having a mental disorder. A European general population opinion poll and results from a student survey indicate that attitudes in Finland may be less stigmatising than in many other countries.Psychiatrica Fennica. 01/2011; 42:87-110.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Health care professions are not immune to social prejudices and surprisingly share the general public’s attitude attributed to people with mental illness. Nursing students are future health manpower research related to nursing students attitudes toward mental illness is limited. Aim: The aim of this following study is to examine the undergraduate nursing students’ attitudes toward people with mental illness. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted for the present study. A total of 148 undergraduate nursing students were purposively selected to complete self-reported questionnaires. Results: The nursing students have significant positive attitudes towards mental illness in three of the six attitudes factors: Restrictiveness (8.59), benevolence (29.8) and stigmatization (9.18). However, these students have negative attitudes in separatism (27.1), stereotype (11.5) and pessimistic predictions (11.7) domains as they rated high. Conclusion: Academic education in this area must be planned so as to favor the change of the attitudes that include greater use of teaching strategies that challenge beliefs and assumptions and promote a commitment to provide holistic care to people with mental illnessIndian Journal of Psychological Medicine 12/2014;