Article

Attitudes Towards Mental Patients

Department of Psychology, University of Tampere, Finland.
International Journal of Social Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 1.15). 02/1992; 38(2):120-30. DOI: 10.1177/002076409203800205
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A study of attitudes towards mental patients was made using a questionnaire developed by Lehtinen and Väisänen. Five hundred and fourteen persons from different parts of Finland filled in the questionnaire. The attitudes were generally positive, although, as in other studies, the attitudes of those older and less educated were more negative compared with the other groups. This result was interpreted as a generational effect, which will vanish as the educational level of the population increases. The questionnaire also included questions about the attitudes and behaviour of 'other people'. The attitudes of 'other people' were thought to be very negative compared with one's own attitudes.

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    • "Neither Hill & Bale (1981) nor the current study found gender differences in causal beliefs. While a US study found a significant correlation between age and positive attitudes (Wilmouth et al., 1987), the reverse has been found in Finland (Ojanen, 1992) and Hong Kong (Chou & Mak, 1998). In both the previous New Zealand study (Read & Law, 1999) and the current study those aged 25 or over were less prejudiced than the younger participants. "
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    ABSTRACT: Negative attitudes toward mental illness among medical professionals can influence the quality of medical care they provide. The authors examined the impact of causal explanations and diagnostic labeling on medical students' views of schizophrenia. Medical students in their fifth and sixth years at the Second University of Naples (Italy) who attended lectures from April through June 2010 completed a self-report questionnaire regarding their beliefs about the mental disorder described (but not named) in a case vignette depicting a person who meets the International Classification of Diseases-10 criteria for schizophrenia. Of the 232 students invited, 194 (84%) completed the questionnaire. Students most frequently cited heredity as the cause (81%), followed by stress (69%), psychological traumas (45%), and misuse of street drugs (44%). Most students (82%) labeled the case "schizophrenia"; a minority (24%) believed that persons with the case vignette disorder could be well again. Both labeling the case as "schizophrenia" and naming heredity as the cause were independently associated with pessimism about the possibility of recovery and with the perception that "others" keep their distance from persons with this diagnosis. Heredity was more frequently cited by respondents who labeled the case schizophrenia and was significantly associated with students' perception that people with this diagnosis are unpredictable. These findings confirm that, in a sample of medical students, biogenetic causal explanations and diagnostic labeling have negative effects on beliefs about schizophrenia. They highlight the need to educate medical students about recovery from and stigma related to schizophrenia.
    Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 09/2011; 86(9):1155-62. DOI:10.1097/ACM.0b013e318226708e · 3.47 Impact Factor
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    • "Pushing force from community care to family care Facing societal and cultural constraints, there is a strong pushing force from community members to shift the care responsibilities to the families of mental-health consumers. The rejecting community Stigmatization has long been a problem in the treatment and rehabilitation of mental patients (Goffman, 1963; Ojanen, 1992; Repper and Brooker, 1996). In Hong Kong, a severe psychiatric violent incident happened in 1982, which stirred up the hidden fear of residents of mental-health consumers (Mak et al., 1996; Yip, 2003).This fear provoked a large-scale antipsychiatric halfway house movement in Hong Kong for more than a Yip: A suggested push model 809 Constraints in societal and cultural context: Congested population, family orientation, and scarcity of resources in health and mental-health services Strong PCF 2 Notes: 1 Strong PIF: Strong pushing force from institutional care to family care. 2 Strong PCF: Strong pushing force from community care to family care. "
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    ABSTRACT: This article suggests a push model for analyzing dilemmas between institutional care, community care and family care of mental-health consumers. In the USA community care is overloaded by inappropriate de-institutionalization. In Hong Kong, family caregivers are severely burdened by poor community care and highly institutionalized services.
    International Social Work 11/2006; 49(6):805-817. DOI:10.1177/0020872806069085 · 0.48 Impact Factor
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    • "Neither Hill & Bale (1981) nor the current study found gender differences in causal beliefs. While a US study found a significant correlation between age and positive attitudes (Wilmouth et al., 1987), the reverse has been found in Finland (Ojanen, 1992) and Hong Kong (Chou & Mak, 1998). In both the previous New Zealand study (Read & Law, 1999) and the current study those aged 25 or over were less prejudiced than the younger participants. "
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    ABSTRACT: Research indicates that the ‘mental illness is an illness like any other’ approach to destigmatisation has failed to improve attitudes. This study replicated, with 469 New Zealanders, previous findings that the public tends to reject biological and genetic explanations of mental health problems in favour of psychosocial explanations focused on negative life events. It also confirmed previous findings (contrary to the assumption on which most destigmatisation programmes are based) that biological and genetic causal beliefs are related to negative attitudes, including perceptions that ‘mental patients’ are dangerous, antisocial and unpredictable, and reluctance to become romantically involved with them. The amount of reported personal contact with people who had received psychiatric treatment was correlated with positive attitudes. It is recommended that destigmatisation programmes consider abandoning efforts to promulgate illness-based explanations and focus instead on increasing contact with and exposure to users of mental health services.
    International Journal of Mental Health 01/2001; 10:223.
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