Article

La formación de enfermeras en la Escuela de Salud Pública de México,1922-2009.

Perfiles Educativos 01/2011; XXXIII:ISBN 0185-2698.

ABSTRACT Se explican las circunstancias en las que se dio la formación de enfermeras
sanitaristas en la Escuela de Salud Pública de México desde su inicio,
a principios del siglo pasado, hasta la conclusión de la primera década del
siglo XXI. Se toman como marco para el análisis las diferentes épocas del
estudio del proceso salud-enfermedad que son: sanitarista o premicrobiana,
microbiologista, epidemiología y sistemas de salud y nueva salud pública,
así como los períodos presidenciales que se recorren a través de algunos
eventos trascendentes para la salud de la población y para el desarrollo del
Sistema Nacional de Salud. Se señalan los hitos del origen y desarrollo de
la enfermería en salud pública, y simultáneamente se documenta la participación
de la Escuela de Salud Pública en los logros alcanzados en el país
durante el siglo pasado. Finalmente se plantean los retos que deberán enfrentar
los programas de enfermería en salud pública en los próximos años
para mejorar las condiciones de salud de la población mexicana.
This article explains the circumstances in which took place the training
of sanitarian nurses at the School of Public Health of Mexico from its
beginning in the early 20th Century to the end of the first decade of the
21th Century. The frame for the analysis were the different periods of the
health-illness process, which means: sanitarian or pre-microbial, microbiologist,
epidemiology and health systems and new public health, and
also the presidential governments to which the authors refer through some
events that were transcendental for the population’s health and for the development
of the National Health System. They point out the milestones of
the origin and development of public health nursing and, at the same time,
they document the participation of the National School o Public Health in
the country’s achievements during the last century. Finally they raise the
challenges that the programs of nursing in public health will soon face in
order to improve the health conditions of the Mexican population

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