Lymphomatoid papulosis: case report of a patient managed with radiation therapy and review of the literature.

Department of Radiology, New York Hospital, Cornell University Medical Center, New York 10021.
American Journal of Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 2.55). 11/1992; 15(5):412-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Lymphomatoid papulosis is an elusive and very rare skin disorder. It is clinically benign but histologically "atypical," and about 20% of affected patients go on to develop a lymphoreticular malignancy, usually Hodgkin's disease, or mycosis fungoides. A wide variety of treatments to prevent recurrence and improve local control have been suggested, but the results have been poor. We report on a patient with two nonhealing lymphomatoid papulosis lesions treated successfully with electron beam therapy and describe our technique. The need for close follow-up of all patients with this condition cannot be overemphasized.

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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old woman was referred to the Department of Dental Medicine at Long Island Jewish Medical Center for evaluation of multiple lesions of the tongue. She reported a long history of recurrent papular cutaneous eruptions that waxed and waned. A biopsy specimen of one of the cutaneous lesions was diagnosed as lymphomatoid papulosis. Sporadic, recurrent oral ulcers that resolved spontaneously were noted 10 to 14 days before the initial visit. These ulcers had recurred for the past 17 years. The most recent oral lesion was an erythematous, irregular, solitary ulcerated area on the middle third dorsum of tongue. The area quickly enlarged, ultimately developing extensive surface necrosis. Shortly after, a similar lesion on the posterior dorsum of the tongue developed. Biopsy specimens of the former lesion showed numerous, large, atypical, pleomorphic, and hyperchromatic cells with abundant mitoses. The large, atypical cells were immunohistochemically proven to be T lymphocytes. A diagnosis of lymphomatoid papulosis was made. Two weeks later, the tongue lesions had spontaneously and totally resolved. The clinical, histomorphologic, and immunohistochemical features, as well as gene rearrangement studies of this rare entity, are presented.
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