Conference Paper

Artificial microcontainers for cryopreservation of solitary spermatozoa

DOI: 10.13140/2.1.3645.9523 Conference: 23th Annual Meeting of the ESHRE

ABSTRACT Human Reproduction. 2007. V. 22, Suppl. 1. P. i154-i155.
http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/suppl_1/i153.full.pdf

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    ABSTRACT: Conventional freezing procedures are not appropriate for surgically retrieved spermatozoa from the epididymis or testis because of their low numbers. Techniques for the cryopreservation of small numbers of spermatozoa have not been fully established. We tried to develop a cryopreservation method for a single spermatozoon using Cryotop, which has a simple structure and is easy to handle. Different parameters influencing the freezing procedure, types of container, sources of spermatozoa, and cryoprotectants were evaluated. The sperm recovery rate after thawing was similar between the sperm frozen using Cryotop or zona pellucida as containers (98.0% vs. 88.0%). Freezing of motile single spermatozoa obtained from ejaculates and testes were evaluated for recovery rate (90.0% vs. 95.0%) and motility rate (44.4% vs. 42.1%), which were not significantly different. The survival rate was significantly higher when sperm were treated with sucrose rather than with SpermFreeze (65.3% vs. 37.3%, P < 0.01). Cryotop was a highly effective tool for the cryopreservation of a single spermatozoon, and sucrose was determined to be an efficient cryoprotectant.
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    ABSTRACT: Despite interest in cryopreservation of individual or small number of human spermatozoa, to date, little data is available as regards its effectiveness. We systematically reviewed the outcome after cryopreservation of individual or small numbers of human spermatozoa in patients with severe male factor of infertility. We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, CENTRAL, Web of Science, Scopus databases for relevant studies up to June of 2008. The search used terms referring to cryopreservation of small amount of sperm. Included studies were limited to human studies with no language restrictions. We identified 30 reports including 9 carriers used for cryopreservation of small quantities/numbers of human spermatozoa (7 non-biological and 2 biological carriers). A wide variety of cryopreservation vehicles were reported. The recovery rate of spermatozoa cryopreserved in a known small number varied widely from 59 to 100%. Fertilization rates were in the range of 18-67%. Frozen-thawed spermatozoa, using this method, were subsequently used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection in only five studies, with few pregnancies reported so far. To date, there remains no consensus as to the ideal carrier for cryopreservation of small number of spermatozoa for clinical purposes. Cryopreservation of individual or small numbers of human spermatozoa may replace the need for repeated surgical sperm retrieval. A controlled multicenter trial with sufficient follow-up would provide valid evidence of the potential benefit of this approach.
    Human Reproduction Update 01/2009; 15(2):153-64. · 9.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to develop a novel method for the cryopreservation and efficient post-thaw recovery of individual or small numbers of human spermatozoa. Spermatozoa equilibrated in cryoprotectant buffer were injected with an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) needle into a droplet of cryoprotectant on a homemade cryoleaf. The droplet was of cryoprotectant and seminal plasma at a ratio of 1:1. The sperm-loaded cryoleaf was slowly lowered over and stored in liquid nitrogen. Spermatozoa were thawed in a 37°C oil bath without dilution and centrifugation. To test the fertilizing ability of these spermatozoa, the recovered spermatozoa were injected by ICSI into 1-d-old or in vitro-matured human oocytes. Fresh spermatozoa from the same semen samples served as controls. The trials were performed in two separate experiments. In the first set of experiments, 92 spermatozoa were thawed and carefully investigated. The spermatozoa from percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration had a motility recovery of 92.9% (13/14); ejaculated spermatozoa had a motility recovery of 61.5% (48/78), and only 1.3% (1/78) was lost. Together in the first and second set of experiments, the fertilization rates for the fresh and frozen-thawed spermatozoa were 67.6% (25/37) and 60.6% (40/66), respectively (P = 0.052). The mean embryo cleavage rates in the fresh and frozen-thawed groups were 88% (22/25) and 85% (34/40), respectively (P = 0.990). This cryopreservation method for individual or small numbers of human spermatozoa was efficient and simple. These findings make this method a promising technique for the clinical application of ejaculated sperm from oligozoospermic patients.
    In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 06/2011; 47(8):565-72. · 1.29 Impact Factor

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