Since the organization of CINDI (Countrywide Integrated Non-Communicable Disease Intervention Programme) and MONICA (Monitoring of Trends and Determinants of Cardiovascular Disease) in 1983 over the whole territory of Novi Sad community it has been found that the incidence of stroke has decreased from 2.68 to 2.36%, the mortality from 67.1 to 42.2% and the number of registered stroke survivors (morbidity prevalence) has increased almost three times. The subjects, material and methods as well as the results obtained so far are presented in this paper.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The term CVD refers to all of the morphological and brain function disorders of vascular origin. The article presents detailed information on the classification and definitions of types and subtypes of stroke, as well as conventional risk factors responsible for their occurrence.
It is particularly emphasized by the fact that knowing the devastating information from the world of mortality statistics that only in 1990 from cardiovascular (CVD) disease lost more than 70 million years of human life, or 11% of the total number of years lost in a world of all-cause, highlighting their the importance of getting the right dimension disaster if the status quo, with a positive prefix in the case of effective preventive actions taken to lower rates of morbidity and mortality.
Presented the analysis of the main risk factors and their assessment and evaluation of the degree of risk of overt forms of the disease, results experience studies in Novi Sad in the period in 1975 - 1993, and a final comment on the possible prevention of stroke, as well as the economic damage that the community suffer if these preventive actions have not been completed and realize their positive effects.
Prevencija i kontrola nezaraznih bolesti u primarnoj zdravstvenoj zaštiti, Edited by Jakovljević Đ, Planojević M., 01/1996: pages 60- 71; Evropski centar za mir i razvoj (ECPD) Univerziteta za mir Ujedinjenih Nacija i Medicinski Centar Novi Sad.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction: Due to disastrous effects, the occurrence of stroke signifies tragic admission to daily routine of the gravely disabled, of the diseased, their fellow men and community as a whole. The character of the disease is complex and perilous. Most often it is merely a climax of primary disease of long standing and pathologic conditions commonly denoted as risk factors. Analysis of clinical morbidity and death rate suggest that during clinically advanced stages of the disease even most sophisticated management tends to yield moderate results.
Hypotheses and aims: This vicious disease can be kept in check by improved living standard, application of modern diagnostic and prophylactic procedures, keener public awareness of the necessity of healthy living and prerequisites for preventive measures. The aims of measures taken can be achieved if and when their fundamental effects are enforced decreased rates of infection and death.
• specify territory in which to carry out the Project
• motivate members of community and professional teams
• provide funds and arrange activities
• monitor overall health and fully register basic risk factors
• connect closely primary care with specialist health services
• apply prevention, control and timely management of risk factors
• establish Register of Diseased and update data input and statistical processing
• monitor major epidemiologic parameters of the disease
• cooperate with international community and administrative centers in terms of financial, political and professional assistance
Results and Discussion: The WHO MONICA prevention Project was carried out on schedule from 1983-1992, in the period of stable and reasonably desirable economic, social and political circumstances at home, and with considerable success: decreased incidence for 12%, and mortality for 21%. According to available data for the interval from 1993-1995, it takes no master analyst to notice overwhelming downturn, i.e. increased stroke incidence for 26.6%, and mortality for 2.7%.
Conclusion: Familiar events in our society directly related to above periods and results from our research witness a devastating trial on direct influence of stress and termination of treatment of chronic diseases as conventional risk factors on the occurrence of stroke.
Keywords: Stroke; Stroke prevention; Stroke control; Risk Factors; Incidence; Mortality; World Health Organization;
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The First Macedonian-Yugoslavian Symposium of Cerebrovascular Diseases, Ohrid - FYR Macedonia; 06/1997
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