Biofilm formation by Candida albicans on various prosthetic materials and its fluconazole sensitivity: a kinetic study
ABSTRACT Candida albicans has the ability to colonize various materials used in prostheses. In this report, we have studied the kinetics of biofilm formation on prosthetic materials and their susceptibility to fluconazole at various stages of development. Results indicated that C. albicans efficiently adheres to and colonizes polystyrene, polyvinylchloride, silicon, and polycarbonate surfaces. Candida albicans biofilm formation was observed to be both strain- and substrate dependent. Adhesion of cells to solid substrates was found sufficient to induce fluconazole resistance. Drug susceptibility at different stages of biofilm growth showed that Candida biofilms on these substrates are highly resistant to fluconazole. The study focuses on the limitations of fluconazole to combat biofilm-related infections and emphasizes the need for better therapeutic strategies against prosthesis-associated C. albicans infections.
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ABSTRACT: Biofilm-related infections caused by Candida albicans and associated drug resistant micro-organisms are serious problems for immunocompromised populations. Molecules which can prevent or remove biofilms are needed. Twenty-eight terpenoids of plant origin were analysed for their activity against growth, virulence attributes, and biofilms of C. albicans. Eighteen molecules exhibited minimum inhibitory concentrations of <2 mg ml(-1) for planktonic growth. Selected molecules inhibited yeast to hyphal dimorphism at low concentrations (0.031-0.5 mg ml(-1)), while adhesion to a solid surface was prevented at 0.5-2 mg ml(-1). Treatment with 14 terpenoids resulted in significant (p < 0.05) inhibition of biofilm formation, and of these, linalool, nerol, isopulegol, menthol, carvone, α-thujone, and farnesol exhibited biofilm-specific activity. Eight terpenoids were identified as inhibitors of mature biofilms. This study demonstrated the antibiofilm potential of terpenoids, which need to be further explored as therapeutic strategy against biofilm associated infections of C. albicans.Biofouling 01/2013; 29(1):87-96. · 3.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Biofilms formed by Candida albicans are resistant towards most of the available antifungal drugs. Therefore, infections associated with Candida biofilms are considered as a threat to immunocompromised patients. Combinatorial drug therapy may be a good strategy to combat C. albicans biofilms. Methods: Combinations of five antifungal drugs- fluconazole (FLC), voriconazole (VOR), caspofungin (CSP), amphotericin B (AmB) and nystatin (NYT) with cyclosporine A (CSA) were tested in vitro against planktonic and biofilm growth of C. albicans. Standard broth micro dilution method was used to study planktonic growth, while biofilms were studied in an in vitro biofilm model. A chequerboard format was used to determine fractional inhibitory concentration indices (FICI) of combination effects. Biofilm growth was analyzed using XTT-metabolic assay. Results: MICs of various antifungal drugs for planktonic growth of C. albicans were lowered in combination with CSA by 2 to 16 fold. Activity against biofilm development with FIC indices of 0.26, 0.28, 0.31 and 0.25 indicated synergistic interactions between FLC-CSA, VOR-CSA, CSP-CSA and AmB-CSA, respectively. Increase in efficacy of the drugs FLC, VOR and CSP against mature biofilms after addition of 62.5 mug/ml of CSA was evident with FIC indices 0.06, 0.14 and 0.37, respectively. Conclusions: The combinations with CSA resulted in increased susceptibility of biofilms to antifungal drugs. Combination of antifungal drugs with CSA would be an effective prophylactic and therapeutic strategy against biofilm associated C. albicans infections.Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 10/2012; · 1.62 Impact Factor