Growth Kinetics of Asymmetric Bi(2)S(3) Nanocrystals: Size Distribution Focusing in Nanorods
ABSTRACT The growth kinetics of colloidal Bi(2)S(3) nanorods was investigated. After nucleation, the length distribution of the growing Bi(2)S(3) nanorods narrows with the reaction time until a bimodal length distribution appears. From this critical reaction time on, the smallest nanorods of the ensemble dissolve, feeding with monomer the growth of the largest ones. A comprehensive characterization of the size-distribution evolution of Bi(2)S(3) nanorods is used here to illustrate the dependences of the anisotropic growth rates of cylindrical nanoparticles on the nanoparticle dimensions and the monomer concentration in solution. With this goal in mind, a diffusion-reaction model is presented to explain the origin of the experimentally obtained out length distribution focusing mechanism. The model is able to reproduce the decrease of the growth rate in the nanorod axial direction with both its thickness and length. On the other hand, low lateral reaction rates prevent the nanorod thickness distribution to be focused. In both crystallographic growth directions, a concentration-dependent critical thickness exists, which discriminates between nanorods with positive growth rates and those dissolving in the reaction solution.
Article: Core-shell Nanoparticles as Building Blocks for the Bottom-Up Production of Functional Nanocomposites: PbTe-PbS Thermoelectric Properties.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The bottom-up assembly of nanocrystals provides access to a three-dimensional composition control at the nanoscale not attainable by any other technology. In particular, colloidal nanoheterostructures, with intrinsic multi-phase organization, are especially appealing building blocks for the bottom-up production of nanocomposites. In the present work, we use PbTe-PbS as the model material system and thermoelectricity as the paradigmatic application to investigate the potential of the bottom-up assembly of core-shell nanoparticles to produce functional nanocomposites. With this goal in mind, a rapid, high-yield and scalable colloidal synthetic route to prepare grams of PbTe@PbS core-shell nanoparticles with unprecedented narrow size distributions and exceptional composition control is detailed. PbTe@PbS nanoparticles were used as building blocks for the bottom-up production of PbTe-PbS nanocomposites with tuned composition. In such PbTe-PbS nanocomposites, synergistic nanocrystal doping effects result in up to 10-fold higher electrical conductivities than in pure PbTe and PbS nanomaterials. At the same time, the acoustic impedance mismatch between PbTe and PbS phases and a partial phase alloying provide PbTe-PbS nanocomposites with strongly reduced thermal conductivities. As a result, record thermoelectric figures of merit ZT~ 1.1 were obtained from undoped PbTe and PbS phases at 710 K. These high ZT values probe the potential of the proposed processes to produce efficient functional nanomaterials with programmable properties.ACS Nano 02/2013; · 10.77 Impact Factor