Conference Paper

Comparison of Selected Mental Skills between Elite and Non-elite Taekwondo Male and Female Athletes

Conference: International Conference In Sport Industry- ICISI 2011


The purpose of this study was to compare selected mental skills in elite and non-elite Taekwondo athletes. 143 Taekwondo athletes (elite=61, non-elite=82) answered to the Ottawa Mental Skills Assessment Tools version 3. This questionnaire assesses three categories of mental skills; 1) Foundation skills 2) Psycho-somatic skills and 3) Cognitive skills. The results of 2×2 MANOVA revealed that there was a significant difference between male and female athletes only in activation factor. Also elite athletes significantly use game planning, goal setting, activation self-confidence and commitment more than non-elite athletes. However non-elite athletes were better than elite athletes in refocusing and stress reaction. According to the results of this study we recommended that taekwondo coaches improve the game planning, goal setting, activation, self-confidence and commitment factors in non-elite taekwondo athletes. Elite taekwondo athletes also should develop their refocusing and stress reaction to maintain their skill level.

Download full-text


Available from: Mohammad Saber Sotoodeh,
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to compare mental skills between superior basketball players and gymnasts. Subjects included 161 basketball players (91 experienced: aged 22.47 ± 2.27, and 70 inexperi-enced, aged 23.13 ± 2.2) and 114 gymnasts (66 experienced; aged 22.77 ± 2.03 and 48 inexperi-enced, aged 22.79 ± 2.25). The questionnaire used for this study was OMSAT-3 that assessed men-tal skills in three main categories of foundation mental skills, psychosomatic skills and cognitive skills. Results showed significant differences between elite and sub-elite basketball players and gymnasts in basic mental skills, psychosomatic skills and cognitive skills. These results will help coaches and athletes to improve their performance and consolidate and expand the use of mental skills they need for each competition in closed and open sport skills.
    OALib Journal 01/2014; 1(05):1-7. DOI:10.4236/oalib.1100591
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Currently, great emphasis is placed on the development and intervention of psychology in sports in order to address the problem of athletes’ failure to achieve peak performance in actual competitions. This problem is primarily due to internal factors, such as anxieties, as well as external factors, such as the high pressure of the competitive environments athletes encounter. In this study, the cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self confidence levels amongst elite and sub-elite Malaysian volleyball players are defined (male sample n = 50; female sample n = 35; age range between 17 to 25 years). These parameters were measured using the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory (CSAI-2), in which the questionnaires were completed by all respondents 30 minutes prior to the start of a competition. The findings indicated that there was a significant difference (p < 0.005) in cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence among elite and sub-elite Malaysian (male and female) volleyball athletes. According to the findings, the competitive anxiety levels of the sub-elite athletes were higher than the elite, mainly due to the inability of the sub-elite athletes to control their emotions using psychological skills. In order to minimize this problem, a novel approach that involves using virtual reality to reduce the athletes’ competitive anxiety was proposed. This approach utilizes a 3D immersive environment that was developed based on the challenging real-world situations encountered during a volleyball match. The design and development of this approach is predicted to enhance athletes’ psychological skills, and in turn ensure that they can achieve peak performance under high pressure conditions.
    04/2015; 4. DOI:10.15282/mohe.v4i0.38