Comparison of the amino acid sequences of nine different serotypes of hepatitis B surface antigen and genomic classification of the corresponding hepatitis B virus strains.

Institut National de la Transfusion Sanguine, Paris, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
Journal of General Virology (Impact Factor: 3.53). 06/1992; 73 ( Pt 5):1201-8. DOI: 10.1099/0022-1317-73-5-1201
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The surface (S) genes of 12 hepatitis B viruses (HBVs) encoding nine different serotypes of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. These represented the eight strains of HBV, P1 to P8, defined at an international workshop on HBsAg subtypes in Paris in 1975, and the adrq- subtype. The S genes from additional HBV strains, one ayw4, one adw4 and one ayw1, of sub-Saharan African origin, were also sequenced. The relationship of these 12 new S gene sequences to those of the 20 published previously was investigated by constructing a phylogenetic tree, which confirmed a previous classification into four groups, designated A to D, based on 18 complete HBV genomes. When relating our sequenced S genes to these genomic groups, ayw1 of African origin and P6 (adw2) were both allocated to group A, the reference P1 (ayw1 of Vietnamese origin) was allocated to group B, P5 (ayr), P8 (adr) and adrq- were all related to group C, and P2 (ayw2) and P3 (ayw3) could both be allocated to group D. Interestingly, the S genes of w4 serotype viruses, i.e. P4 (ayw4) and P7 (adw4q-), differed by 4% or more from both previous groups and from each other, suggesting their classification into two new groups, for which the designations E and F are proposed. Genomes specifying ayw were also found in groups A and B; previously sequenced genomes specifying the ayw subtype have all been confined to group D. There were indications that the epitope for subdeterminants of w resided at amino acid positions 125 to 127. Thus, at positions 125 and 127, ayw1, ayw2 and adw2 had T and P residues, respectively, whereas M and T residues were at the corresponding positions of ayw3. Both ayw4 and adw4 had L at residue 127, and all strains expressing r, apart from P5, had an I instead of a T residue at position 126.

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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is highly endemic in Southwest China; an area with many ethnic minorities. Information about the genetic distribution of HBV is still limited. In 2010, a multistage cluster sampling method was carried out in the Southwest China. Five hundred forty serum samples of participants were collected. Polymerase chain reaction followed by nucleotide sequencing of parts of the HBV S and C genes was performed. HBV genotype and subgenotype were determined. Recombination analysis was carried out. HBV infectious markers, HBV DNA and mutations in the basic core promoter (BCP) A1762T/G1764A and G1896A were analyzed. The results show us that HBV genotypes C/D recombinant (38.6%), B (31.6%), and C (23.3%), were predominant in Southwest China. C/D4 (96.8%) was endemic in the Tibetan and B2 (43.5%) in Han, and C1 (66.7%) was predominant in the Yi minority. 67.5% (56/83) of genotype C/D was Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive/Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) positive/HBV DNA≥20,000 IU/ml, BCP A1762T/G1764A double mutation was frequent in genotype C and C/D, and G1896A was frequent in B and B/C. Thus, HBV genotypes distribution differed significantly in area and minority in Southwest China. C/D recombinant is endemic in the Tibetan, while B, C genotypes are predominant in Han minority. C/D recombinant exhibits higher frequency with HBeAg positive, high level of HBV DNA and BCP A1762T/G1764A double mutation. J. Med. Virol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Medical Virology 08/2014; 86(8). DOI:10.1002/jmv.23965 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. HBV genotypes and subtypes are useful clinical and epidemiological markers. In this study prevalent HBV genotypes were assessed in relation to serological profile and clinical status. Material & Methods. 107 cases of HBV were genotyped. Detailed clinical history was elicited from them. HBsAg, HBeAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBe, and anti-HBc-IgM were assessed. HBV genotyping was performed using Kirschberg's type specific primers (TSP-PCR), heminested PCR, and Naito's monoplex PCR. Nucleotide sequencing was performed. Results. A total of 97 (91%) were genotyped following the methods of Kirschberg et al./Naito et al. Genotype D was by far the most prevalent genotype 91 (85.04%) in this region. A surprising finding was the detection of genotype F in 5 (4.67%) of our patients. Genotype A strangely was observed only in one case. In 85.7% genotype D was associated with moderate to severe liver disease, 43.9% HBeAg, and 18.7% anti-HBc-IgM positivity. Majority of genotype F (80%) was seen in mild to moderate liver disease. It was strongly associated with HBeAg 60% and 20% anti-HBc-IgM positivity. Conclusion. Emergence of genotype F in India merits further study regarding its clinical implications and treatment modalities. Knowledge about HBV genotypes can direct a clinician towards more informed management of HBV patients.
    Advances in Virology 12/2013; 2013:846849. DOI:10.1155/2013/846849
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    ABSTRACT: Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the major etiological agent causing acute and chronic liver disease worldwide with significant morbidity and mortality. The high genetic variability of HBV is reflected by eight genotypes (A to H), each with a particular geographical prevalence. The global pattern of HBV genotypes is associated with the distribution of human population among the different continents and reflects the patterns of human migrations. Objectives This study was conducted with following objectives: 1) To study the prevalence of HBV genotype in Pakistani population; 2) To assess that the RFLP system is simple, rapid and standardized way of identifying HBV genotype. Study Design & Method In cross-sectional study design a total of 255 HBV ELISA positive samples were studied in order to identify the most prevalent genotypes in Pakistan. These HBV related patients visited various hospitals in Pakistan at Faisalabad, Lahore and Islamabad. Among these samples, 214 were PCR positive and rest 41 were PCR negative for HBV. S-gene of HBV PCR positive samples was amplified by regular (first round) and nested PCR (second round). Second-round PCR products were digested by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP). This was carried out using five restriction enzymes (HphI, NciI, AlwI, EarI and NlaIV) that identified the genotype-specific sequences. Results & Con-clusion Among (214) PCR positive samples only genotype C and D were identified in local population with 21 cases (9.81%) of genotype C and 195 (91.1%) of genotype D. Hence, the algorithm adopted in this study can be used to iden-tify various HBV genotypes.


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