Characteristics of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) seed oil

Food Research Program, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Summerland, British Columbia V0H 1Z0, Canada; E.N.S.A.M., École Nationale Superieure Agronomique de Montpellier, 2, Place Pierre Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
Food Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.33). 01/2002; 76:33-43. DOI: 10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00245-X

ABSTRACT Characteristics of oil extracted from hempseeds subjected to microwave treatments were evaluated. Microwave treatment improved oil yield, increased carotenoid and other pigment contents and decreased p-anisidine value without significant changes in other properties. Hempseed oil showed absorbance in the UV-B and UV-C ranges with potential for use as a broad spectrum UV protectant. [beta]-Tocopherol concentrations increased, while the major tocopherol, [gamma]-tocopherol, and fatty acid composition of the oil were unaffected by microwave treatment of hempseed. Hempseed oil showed high kinetic stability during heating and cooling, as characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Microwave treatment shifted the melting range of oils to lower temperatures and increased oxidation temperatures, suggesting increased protective effect upon heating.

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    ABSTRACT: Structured lipids (SLs) were synthesized by enzymatic interesterification with evening primrose oil (EPO) and rice bran oil (RBO) in a batch-type reactor. The interesterification was performed using a water shaker for 24 hr at . Mixing speed was set at 200 rpm and Lipozyme RM IM (immobilized lipase from Rhizomucor miehei, 10% by weight of total substrates) was used as a biocatalyst. Rice bran oil and evening primrose oil were interesterified with various molar ratios (RBO : EPO, 1:3, 1:4, and 1:5 mol/mol). Reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography connected with evaporative light-scattering detector was performed to separate the triacylglycerol (TAG) species of SLs. In the fatty acid analysis, -linolenic acid (7.9 mol%), linoleic acid (67.3 mol%) and oleic acid (13.2 mol%) were the most abundant fatty acids in the SLs. During 24 hr reaction, most of the reaction occurred within 3 hr. TAG compositions, tocopherols and phytosterols were also analyzed. In the TAG species analysis, LLL (ECN=42, L=linoleic acid) dramatically decreased when the reaction time increased.
    Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 01/2010; 39(8).
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    ABSTRACT: Functional foods play an important role in daily diet, human health and the food industry. Hemp was reported to have many advantages for nutritional and medicinal usage. In this study, extruded hemp-rice (EHR) flour, containing 30% hemp, was mixed with the wheat flour to create bread loaves at the concentrations of 5, 10 and 15%. Bread made from 100% wheat flour (with no added EHR flour) was used as a control. The physical parameters, including expansion ratio, specific volume and crust/crumb color were evaluated separately. In addition, changes in hardness of the bread during storage at ambient temperature for 3 days were also studied. The results showed that 10%-EHR bread exhibited the highest hardness value, while 15%-EHR bread presented the lowest. The bread containing EHR flour had lower specific volume and bigger air cells compared to the control. Moreover, the crust and crumb color of EHR-containing bread was significantly darker than those of the control. In this study, the 15%-EHR bread showed higher specific volume, lower hardness and bigger air cell structures.
    Preventive Nutrition and Food Science. 01/2011; 16(1).
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    ABSTRACT: The neutrichemical analysis of hempseed from Cheungsam was performed in order to apply hempseed to food industry. Cheungsam hempseed was mainly composed of crude fat (30.52%) and protein (30.02%). The hempseed fat contained about 88% of polyunsaturated fatty acids, and the omega-6 to omega-3 ratio was determined to be approximately 3:1. Hempseed from Cheungsam was rich in essential amino acids. Moreover, hempseed protein from Cheungsam, extracted by acid-base precipitation method, showed free radical scavenging activity. The results suggest that Cheungsam hempseed protein could be utilized as a superior source of protein nutrition.
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society. 01/2011; 12(4).


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Jun 3, 2014