Walter Funk and Marco Grüninger (2010)
Accompanied Driving From Age 17 – Process Evaluation of the
Nationwide Model Scheme.
Berichte der Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen, Mensch und Sicherheit, Heft M 213.
Bremerhaven: Wirtschaftsverlag NW
In the process evaluation 3,780 participants in the pilot scheme were interviewed up to four
times during their accompanied driving in relation to different aspects of the measurement
implementation. 1,735 adults accompanying the novice drivers were also questioned once.
The young people’s and adults’ reasons for participating in the pilot scheme revealed that
accompanied driving as part of young driver preparation could be well integrated into the
age-specific phase of the young drivers’ lives. Overall the findings indicate easy access to
the model and high level of practical applicability.
On days with accompanied drives the young people covered an average daily mileage of
32.4 km (median: 24.0 km). Looking at a month they covered a projected monthly mileage of
318.5 km. The average period of accompanied driving lasted about eight months. During this
time the young drivers drove approx. 2,400 km. Taking the full length of twelve months of
accompanied driving, the projected mileage was 3,800 km.
The main reasons for driving with an attendant were private journeys (family business, visits),
household chores and rides to school / training.
In terms of the interaction between the young drivers and the accompanying adults, a lot of
findings draw the picture of an adequate role interpretation and role practice in the sense of
constructive cooperation between the young driver and the attendant during the practical
acquisition of driving experience.
In the course of the accompanied driving period, there was a clear decrease in the number of
insecure novice drivers. This is the result of the subjectively perceived increase in driving
experience during the accompanied period of time.
Accidents, traffic violations and tickets during accompanied driving were only reported to a
limited extent by the police. This shows that exercising the pilot scheme meets the necessary
road safety demands to a high degree.
The significant increase in practical driving preparation using the "Accompanied Driving From
Age 17" has led to a structural change in the preparation of novice drivers in Germany.
Nevertheless, in terms of the duration of the accompanied driving and the amount of
kilometres travelled, the given possibilities of the pilot scheme do not yet appear to have
been fully utilised. Both aspects may prove to be the subject of future efforts to improve the
Alongside greater utilisation of the original potential of the measure, that is prolonged
accumulation of driving practice, a reasonable combination of the accompanied driving
scheme with other measures leading to lower accident risks among novice drivers in the
context of an integrated system of novice driver preparation in Germany may be advisable.
The survey documents for panel waves 1 to 4 are included in the report on the CD.