Investigations of RhB Langmuir monolayer by Fluorescence Imaging Microscopy

Indian Journal of Physics (Impact Factor: 1.38). 06/2010; 84(6):625-629. DOI: 10.1007/s12648-010-0079-y


This communication reports the surface pressure vs area per molecule isotherm and Fluorescence Imaging Microscopic studies of the formation of domain structure in the mixed Langmuir monolayer of RhB and Stearic acid (SA) at the air-water interface. Strong repulsive interaction between the unlike components leads to the phase separation and formation of microcrystalline domains at the air water interface of the Langmuir monolayer. These domain can be directly visualized using fluorescence imaging microscope.

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Available from: Sekhar Chakraborty,
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    ABSTRACT: Janus structures have attracted a great deal of interest because of their fascinating properties and potential for applications. In this study, we demonstrate that hyperbranched polymers, bearing randomly placed docosyl (C22 alkyl segment) and PEG segments on their periphery, can readily reconfigure so as to segregate the alkyl and PEG segments, thereby generating Janus-type structures that we have termed Janus hybramers. DSC studies clearly reveal an endothermic transition that corresponds to the melting of the docosyl domains, while Langmuir isotherms demonstrate that these polymers form stable monolayers that appear to undergo a slight densification beyond a critical surface pressure; this suggested possible crystallization of the docosyl segments at the air–water interface. AFM studies of the transferred monolayers reveal various interesting aggregate morphologies at different surface pressures suggestive of island formation at the air–water interface; at the same time they also provided an estimate of the monolayer thickness. These Janus HBPs also form vesicles as evident from TEM and AFM studies; the AFM height of the deposited vesicles, as expected, was roughly 4 times that of the monolayer. SAXS studies revealed the formation of lamellar structures; the interlamellar spacing was largest when the relative mole fractions of docosyl and PEG segments were similar, but the spacing decreased when the mole fraction of either of these peripheral segments is substantially smaller; this suggested the possible presence of interdigitation within the domains of the minor component.
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