The effect of aging on glomerular hemodynamics in the rat.
ABSTRACT Glomerular hemodynamics were measured in male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 4 to 5 months (young) or 20 to 22 months (old). Body weight (BW) and left kidney weights (KW) were higher in old rats than young (BW: 507 +/- 12 g v 342 +/- 11 g, P less than 0.001; KW: 2.0 +/- 0.1 g v 1.3 +/- 0.1 g, P less than 0.001). Arterial blood pressure (AP) was slightly higher in old rats, but within the normotensive range (106 +/- 4 mm Hg v 94 +/- 4 mm Hg, P less than 0.05). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR; factored for KW) was lower in old versus young rats (0.67 +/- 0.05 mL/min/gKW v 1.00 +/- 0.08 mL/min/gKW, P less than 0.02). The cortical surface of the kidney in old (but not young) rats showed marked heterogeneity and single-nephron (SN)GFR was measured only in filtering nephrons and was higher and more variable in old versus young rats. Glomerular blood pressure (PGC) was unchanged in old compared with young rats (53 +/- 4 mm Hg v 55 +/- 2 mm Hg). There was a significantly greater level of glomerular sclerosis (in outer cortical glomeruli) in old versus young rats, and glomerular volume was substantially greater in old rats. This study suggests that age-related glomerulopathy is not primarily mediated by glomerular capillary hypertension.
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ABSTRACT: Age and/or gender appear to moderate alpha-adrenergic mediated constrictor mechanisms found in the interlobar arteries of the Munich Wistar rat. We have determined the extent of constriction to alpha-adrenergic receptor stimulation using norepinephrine, phenylephrine and A61603 (α1A-adrenergic receptor agonist) as a function of age and gender. Norepinephrine produced less constriction in male-derived arteries at ages greater than eight months as compared to the younger adult male (four to six months). The arteries derived from females did not demonstrate altered constriction until greater than 15 months of age. Similarly, arteries derived from the male demonstrated weaker constrictions to phenylephrine (10(-6) to 10(-3) M) at ages greater than eight months while arteries from females showed differences at greater than 15 months. In contrast, the effective concentration of norepinephrine to cause a 50% maximal constriction (EC50) was significantly less in the four to five-month-old male rats compared to the pooled data from older groups. Interestingly, four to five month old males had A61603 EC50 values similar to the 8 to 12-month and 15+ old females. These studies conclude that an age related loss of sympathetic α-adrenergic constriction of renal interlobar arteries is present in Munich Wistar rats. Furthermore, this loss, while similar along longitudinal aspects of age, is also different as a function of gender with the loss of α-adrenergic constrictor function delayed in the female when compared to the male.Age 06/2005; 27(2):107-116. DOI:10.1007/s11357-005-1627-9 · 3.45 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Male rat renal blood vessels undergo reduced contraction to norepinephrine with aging. There is a greater renal vascular impairment in male compared with female rats. We investigated specific tyrosine kinase receptor inhibition of renal interlobar artery responsiveness to phenylephrine in male and female rats at specifically designated ages. Vessels from young male rats contracted much less to phenylephrine when the vessels were pretreated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors Lavendustin A, HNMPA-(AM)(3), or AG1478. Vessels from adult female rats pretreated with Lavendustin A showed no difference in contraction from control, but did demonstrate a slightly reduced contraction when pretreated with AG1478. Middle-aged male rat vessels treated with Lavendustin A demonstrated no inhibition, but the insulin and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antagonists both induced a decline in contraction. Vessels from aged male rats demonstrated no effect related to the 3 pretreatments. Middle-aged and aged female rats pretreated with any inhibitor demonstrated no inhibitor-dependent alterations. We conclude that maximum contraction of interlobar arteries from adult male rats is reduced when tyrosine kinase receptor activity is reduced. Female rats demonstrated much less inhibitor-related change of contraction.Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 06/2012; 90(10):1372-9. DOI:10.1139/y2012-093 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Testosterone deficiency and hypogonadism are common conditions in men with chronic kidney disease (CKD). A disturbed hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis due to CKD is thought to contribute to androgen deficiency. Data from experimental studies support the hypothesis that exogenous administration of testosterone may induce the activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), the production of endothelin and the regulation of anti- or/and proinflammatory cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension and kidney damage. On the other hand, low testosterone levels in male patients with CKD are paradoxically associated with a higher risk of morbidity and mortality, possibly explained by anemia, osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease. In this article, we present an overview of clinical and experimental studies of the impact of testosterone on the progression and prognosis of male patients with CKD; even today, this remains a controversial issue.Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 09/2013; 18(3). DOI:10.1111/1744-9987.12101 · 1.53 Impact Factor