Article

Endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty.

The Journal of Laryngology & Otology (Impact Factor: 0.68). 07/1992; 106(6):493-5. DOI: 10.1017/S0022215100119966
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The role of the rigid endoscope has been evaluated in the management of 36 cases with dry central perforation of the tympanic membrane. The graft take rate was 91.7 per cent and the air-bone gap was closed to less than 10 dB in 83.3 per cent. The use of the rigid endoscope in the management of dry central perforation of the drum represented a significant advance in middle ear surgery. It is used, in correlation with manometry, to evaluate the tubal function before ear surgery and to treat hidden causes of tubal obstruction. It replaces the operating microscope in observation and surgery of the tympanic membrane perforation. It overcomes anatomical variations that hamper access to the entire tympanic membrane during ear surgery. It provides an extremely sharp image with high resolution.

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    ABSTRACT: When performing transcanal myringoplasty under a microscope, the total circumference of the perforation can be difficult to confirm in patients where the external ear canal is narrow and/or protruded. In such patients, a retroauricular incision approach is usually used. However, we have developed a transcanal endoscopic myringoplasty procedure, and the microscopic and endoscopic views are compared herein for the first time. The feasibility and advantages of transcanal endoscopic myringoplasty were examined. A prospective case series. Tertiary referral center. Transcanal endoscopic myringoplasty was performed on 25 ears in 21 patients with chronic otitis media between September 2011 and December 2012. Microscopic and endoscopic views were compared for each patient. The 2 fields of views were both recorded and evaluated to determine the advantages and disadvantages of microscopes and endoscopes. Myringoplasty was performed using an endoscopic technique while comparing views as necessary. Endoscopic views revealed the entire tympanic membrane in a single field with clear visualization of the perforation edges even when the ear canal was curved. This clear visualization facilitated reliable refreshing of the perforation edges and grafting. The anterior edge of the perforation was not visible under microscopy in 5 of 25 ears. Under an endoscopic wide view, the tympanic cavity was observable through the perforation, and the orifice of the tube, ossicular chain, and tympanic isthmus were visible especially with large perforations. Transcanal endoscopic myringoplasty was successfully performed with a simple underlay technique or with an intracanal incision in cases of marginal perforation. Comparison of microscopic and endoscopic views revealed superior visualization and operability of the endoscopic approach as opposed to transcanal simple underlay myringoplasty. Transcanal endoscopic myringoplasty does not require surgical exposure such as a retroauricular skin incision to get an anterior view. Our results demonstrated that transcanal endoscopic myringoplasty can be performed, regardless of the perforation size and the narrowness and/or protrusion of external ear canal.
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to ascertain the feasibility of transcanal endoscopic underlay myringoplasty using temporalis fascia and compare the results with microscopic myringoplasty. This prospective randomized trial included 60 patients with mucosal chronic otitis media with tympanic membrane perforations of all sizes and locations apart from posteriorly based small or moderate sized perforations. In the endoscopy group, 30 patients underwent exclusive transcanal myringoplasty using tympanomeatal flap elevation with underlay graft placement. In the microscopy group, 30 patients underwent myringoplasty using the postaural approach. Intra-operative variables compared were canalplasty and canal wall curettage for assessment of ossicular status. Graft uptake, hearing outcomes using pure tone audiometry and subjective cosmetic outcomes were assessed 24 weeks post-operatively and compared in the two groups. Resident feedback on the feasibility of endoscopic myringoplasty was obtained using a questionnaire. In the microscopy group, 5/30 patients required canalplasty due to canal overhangs and 4/30 required canal wall curettage for ossicular assessment, whereas none of the patients in the endoscopy group required these procedures. A graft uptake rate of 83.3 % was observed in both groups post-operatively after 24 weeks. Mean air-bone gap pre- and post-operatively in the endoscopy group was 28.5 and 18.13 dB, respectively, whereas these values were 32.4 and 16.9 dB, respectively, in the microscopy group. Subjective cosmetic outcomes were better in the endoscopy group. Resident feedback on endoscopic myringoplasty was positive. Endoscopic myringoplasty appears to be an effective alternative to microscopic myringoplasty and results in excellent hearing with good cosmetic outcomes.
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