Modulation of synaptosomal protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation by calcium is antagonised by inhibition of protein phosphatases with okadaic acid.

Neuroscience Group, Faculty of Medicine, University of Newcastle, N.S.W., Australia.
Neuroscience Letters (Impact Factor: 2.03). 06/1991; 126(2):203-6. DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(91)90554-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The protein phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid was used to investigate the protein phosphatases involved in the endogenous dephosphorylation of proteins in intact synaptosomes. Despite the fact that the calcium-dependent protein phosphatase (calcineurin) is most concentrated in synaptosomes and accounts for approximately 0.3% of synaptoplasmic protein, the majority of the dephosphorylation activity under both basal and depolarisation conditions is due to protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) and/or protein phosphatase type 2A (PP2A). Nevertheless our results do suggest that calcineurin is active in synaptosomes and has 2 effects: a rapid, direct dephosphorylation of a limited range of substrates and an indirect activation of PP1 presumably by dephosphorylation of protein phosphatase 1 inhibitor-1.

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