Molecular biology of hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatitis B virus association.
ABSTRACT The involvement of the hepatitis B virus in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma was initially suggested on the basis of epidemiological studies. In recent years several kinds of experimental evidence have supported this hypothesis; however, the role played by hepatitis B virus in hepatocarcinogenesis still needs to be elucidated. Several groups of researchers are presently involved in establishing whether hepatitis B virus makes a specific genetic contribution to carcinogenesis or predisposes to neoplastic transformation by causing chronic inflammation and cell regeneration. A comprehensive examination of the data available in the literature suggests that the two hypotheses may not be mutually exclusive.
- SourceAvailable from: Ashraf Mohamadkhani[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: AbstrAct Hepadnaviruses employ an unusual strategy for the production of enormous number of virions during replication which makes rapid and substantial genetic sequence changes and alterations. The pathogenesis and clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are engaged by the selection and expression of viral mutants dur-ing virus-host interactions. Mutations in regulatory regions such as the basal core promoter (BCP) which is thought to be related to lower production of hepatitis B "e" antigen (HBeAg) directly affects the clinical presentation of liver disease. However, the molecular structure of these mutations in chronic carriers has not been adequately evaluated. In this review we evaluate the molecular aspect and pathologic basis of basal core promoter mutations.