cDNA cloning of human-milk bile-salt-stimulated lipase and evidence for its identity to pancreatic carboxylic ester hydrolase.
ABSTRACT We have isolated and sequenced cDNA clones covering the entire coding sequence of human-milk bile-salt-stimulated lipase, as well as 996 nucleotides of the 3' end of the pancreatic enzyme carboxylic ester hydrolase. The deduced amino acid sequence of the lipase starts with a 23-residue leader peptide. The open reading frame continues with 722 amino acid residues. The sequence contains in the C-terminal part a proline-rich repeat, 16 repeats of 11 amino acid residues each. The mRNA was estimated to be approximately 2500 nucleotides from Northern blot and of similar size in mammary and pancreatic tissues. Data obtained indicate that the lipase and the carboxylesterase are identical and coded for by the same gene. The cDNA is 2428 bases long, which indicates that a near full-length copy of the transcript has been isolated. Comparisons with other enzymes show that the lipase is a new member of the supergene family of serine hydrolases. It is not only closely related (and in its N-terminal half virtually identical) to lysophospholipase from rat pancreas and cholesterol esterase from bovine pancreas, but also shows a high degree of similarity to several esterases, e.g. acetylcholine esterase. In contrast, no such similarity could be found to typical lipases.
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ABSTRACT: Bile-salt activated carboxylic ester lipase (CEL) is a major triglyceride, cholesterol ester and vitamin ester hydrolytic enzyme contained within pancreatic and lactating mammary gland secretions. Bioinformatic methods were used to predict the amino acid sequences, secondary and tertiary structures and gene locations for CEL genes, and encoded proteins using data from several vertebrate genome projects. A proline-rich and O-glycosylated 11-amino acid C-terminal repeat sequence (VNTR) previously reported for human and other higher primate CEL proteins was also observed for other eutherian mammalian CEL sequences examined. In contrast, opossum CEL contained a single C-terminal copy of this sequence whereas CEL proteins from platypus, chicken, lizard, frog and several fish species lacked the VNTR sequence. Vertebrate CEL genes contained 11 coding exons. Evidence is presented for tandem duplicated CEL genes for the zebrafish genome. Vertebrate CEL protein subunits shared 53-97% sequence identities; demonstrated sequence alignments and identities for key CEL amino acid residues; and conservation of predicted secondary and tertiary structures with those previously reported for human CEL. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrated the relationships and potential evolutionary origins of the vertebrate CEL family of genes which were related to a nematode carboxylesterase (CES) gene and five mammalian CES gene families.Cholesterol 11/2011; 2011:781643. DOI:10.1155/2011/781643
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ABSTRACT: Carboxyl ester lipase (CEL) is an enzyme that hydrolyzes a wide variety of lipid substrates, including ceramides, which are known to show inhibitory regulation of pituitary hormone secretion in experimental models. Because no studies on CEL expression in human pituitary and pituitary adenomas have been reported in the literature, we investigated CEL expression in 10 normal pituitary glands and 86 well-characterized pituitary adenomas [12 FSH/LH cell, 17 α-subunit/null cell, 6 TSH cell, 21 ACTH cell, 11 prolactin (PRL) cell, and 19 GH cell adenomas] using IHC, immunoelectron microscopy, Western blotting, and quantitative RT-PCR. In normal adenohypophysis, CEL was localized in GH, ACTH, and TSH cells. In adenomas, it was mainly found in functioning GH, ACTH, and TSH tumors, whereas its expression was poor in the corresponding silent adenomas and was lacking in FSH/LH cell, null cell, and PRL cell adenomas. Ultrastructurally, CEL was localized in secretory granules close to their membranes. This is the first study demonstrating CEL expression in normal human pituitary glands and in functioning GH, ACTH, and TSH adenomas. Considering that CEL hydrolyzes ceramides, inactivating their inhibitory function on pituitary hormone secretion, our findings suggest a possible role of CEL in the regulation of hormone secretion in both normal and adenomatous pituitary cells.Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 10/2010; 58(10):881-9. DOI:10.1369/jhc.2010.956169 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We screened DNAs from 48 Japanese individuals for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in eight cytochrome p450 ( CYP) genes, nine esterase genes, and two other genes by directly sequencing the relevant genomic regions in their entirety except for repetitive elements. This approach identified 607 SNPs and 73 insertion/deletion polymorphisms among the 19 genes examined. Of the 607 SNPs, 284 were identified in CYP genes, 302 in esterase genes, and 21 in the other two genes ( GGT1, and TGM1); overall, 37 SNPs were located in 5' flanking regions, 496 in introns, 55 in exons, and 19 in 3' flanking regions. These variants should contribute to studies designed to investigate possible correlations between genotypes and phenotypes of disease susceptibility or responsiveness to drug therapy.Journal of Human Genetics 02/2003; 48(5):249-70. DOI:10.1007/s10038-003-0021-7 · 2.53 Impact Factor