Differential replication in zucchini squash of a cucumber mosaic virus satellite RNA maps to RNA 1 of the helper virus.
ABSTRACT Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) supports the replication and encapsidation of its satellite RNA, both in solanaceous and cucurbit host plants; however, different strains of CMV support the replication of satellite RNAs with different efficiency. In addition, replication of satellite RNA is very efficient in solanaceous host plants and generally poor in cucurbit host plants. The WL1-satellite (WL1-sat) RNA is an exception, and replicates to high levels in both solanaceous and curcubit host plants with most CMV strains as the helper virus. Two strains of CMV were used in this study: Fny-CMV, which replicates the WL1-sat RNA efficiently in all hosts tested; and Sny-CMV, which does not replicate the WL1-sat RNA to detectable levels in zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo), but does replicate WL1-sat RNA efficiently in other hosts. Using pseudorecombinants constructed between Fny-CMV and Sny-CMV we have mapped to RNA 1 the ability to support the efficient replication of WL1-sat RNA in zucchini squash.
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ABSTRACT: Five isolates of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) from Lilium sp. (lily), which were isolated from specimens in Japan, Korea and Taiwan, were unable to support satellite RNA (satRNA) accumulation. In order to map the CMV sequences that are involved in satRNA support, HL-CMV (Japanese lily isolate), Y-CMV (ordinary strain) and Y-satellite RNA (Y-sat) were used as the source material. The pseudorecombinants between Y-CMV and HL-CMV revealed that RNA1 was essential for satRNA replication in lily. The results of chimeric constructs and various mutations showed that two amino acid residues (at positions 876 and 891) in the 1a protein were the determinants for the inability of HL-CMV to support a satRNA. Specifically, Thr at position 876 had a more pronounced effect than Met at position 891. Specific changes in RNA sequence were also detected in the 3' terminus of Y-sat and these particular alterations allowed it to be supported by HL-CMV. It is believed that, through evolution, the adaptation of CMV to lily resulted in the introduction of amino acid changes in the 1a protein, changes that coincidentally affected the ability of lily CMV to support satRNAs.Journal of General Virology 09/2005; 86(Pt 8):2359-69. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Satellite RNAs (satRNAs) are molecular parasites that interfere with the pathogenesis of the helper viruses. In this study, the relative accumulation of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV)-Fny genomic RNAs with or without satRNAs were quantitatively analyzed by real-time RT-PCR. The results showed that satRs apparently attenuated the symptoms of CMV-Fny on Nicotiana tabacum by depressing the accumulation of CMV-Fny genomic RNAs, tested as open reading frames. The accumulation of CMV-Fny 1a, 2a, 2b, 3a, and CP genes was much higher than that of CMV-Fny with satRs added (CMV-Fsat), at different inoculation times. CMV-FnyDelta2b, in which the complete 2b gene and 41 amino acids at the C-terminal of the 2a gene were deleted, caused only a slight mosaic effect on N. tabacum seedlings, similar to that of CMV-Fsat, but the addition of satRs to CMV-FnyDelta2b showed further decrease in the accumulation of CMV-FnyDelta2b genomic RNAs. Our results indicated that the attenuation of CMV, by adding satRs or deleting the 2b gene, was due to the low accumulation of CMV genomic RNAs, and that satRNA-mediated reduction of CMV genomic RNAs accumulation in N. tabacum was possibly related to the 2b gene.Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 04/2007; 39(3):217-23. · 1.81 Impact Factor
- Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 12/2009; June 1991(Vol. 13):155-162. · 1.12 Impact Factor