Right hemisphere dominance of different mismatch negativities.
ABSTRACT Auditory stimulus blocks were presented to 10 reading subjects. Each block consisted of 2 types of stimulus, standard (P = 90%) and deviant (P = 10%), delivered in a random order with short constant inter-stimulus intervals. The standard stimuli were 600 Hz. 80 dB SPL 50 msec sine wave bursts. In different blocks, the deviant stimuli differed from the standards either in frequency (650 Hz), intensity (70 dB) or duration (20 msec). Left- and right-ear stimulations were used in separate blocks. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded with 16 electrodes over both hemispheres. All the different types of deviant stimuli elicited an ERP component called the mismatch negativity (MMN). The MMN was larger over the right hemisphere irrespective of the ear stimulated whereas the N1 component, elicited by both standards and deviants, was larger over the hemisphere contralateral to the ear stimulated. The results provide further evidence for the view that the MMN reflects a neural mismatch process with a memory trace which automatically codes the physical features of the repetitive stimuli.
SourceAvailable from: Sol Lago[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Previous research in speech perception has shown that category information affects the discrimination of consonants to a greater extent than vowels. However, there has been little electrophysiological work on the perception of fricative sounds, which are informative for this contrast as they share properties with both consonants and vowels. In the current study we address the relative contribution of phonological and acoustic information to the perception of sibilant fricatives using event-related fields (ERFs) and dipole modeling with magnetoencephalography (MEG). We show that the field strength of neural responses peaking approximately 200ms after sound onset co-varies with acoustic factors, while the cortical localization of earlier M100 responses suggests a stronger influence of phonological categories. We propose that neural equivalents of categorical perception for fricative sounds are best seen using localization measures, and that spectral cues are spatially coded in human cortex. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Brain and Language 04/2015; 143. DOI:10.1016/j.bandl.2015.02.003 · 3.31 Impact Factor
Clinical Neurophysiology 01/2004; 115(9):1989-2000. · 2.98 Impact Factor
Clinical Neurophysiology 01/2002; 113(4):495-506. · 2.98 Impact Factor