Extrauterine mixed mesodermal tumors. An immunohistochemical study.
ABSTRACT Mixed mesodermal tumors are uncommon outside the uterus. Nine extrauterine mixed mesodermal tumors (eight ovarian and one extragenital) were selected for histochemical and immunoperoxidase study. In eight cases, both epithelial and mesenchymal elements were malignant (chondroid in six, rhabdomyoid in four, and osteoid in two). One ovarian tumor was an adenosarcoma. All cases were stained with periodic acid-Schiff with and without diastase and for alpha 1-antitrypsin, myoglobin, keratin, vimentin, muscle-specific actin, and alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, by using the avidin-biotin-immunoperoxidase method. The periodic acid-Schiff-positive, diastase-resistant droplets in several of the tumors showed peripheral alpha 1-antitrypsin positivity. Keratin delineated epithelial areas well in seven cases, and rhabdomyoid differentiation was confirmed with myoglobin in four cases. However, squamous elements in one tumor were falsely positive for myoglobin. We concluded that despite occasional cross-reactivity, carefully interpreted immunoperoxidase stains can be useful in distinguishing epithelial and mesenchymal elements in these tumors.
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ABSTRACT: Adenosarcomas are rare tumors usually derived from the endometrium. About 50 cases of adenosarcomas of the ovary have been reported. The relationship between adenosarcoma and CA125 has not been described. The authors present a case of adenosarcoma with elevated CA125 because of the unusual presentation of this pathology and also because elevation of the CA125 antigen has not been reported in the literature. A 42-year-old woman presented for consultation for incidental right ovarian tumor and CA125 of 1100 U/mL. Histology revealed a homologous Müllerian adenosarcoma of the right ovary with sarcomatous overgrowth. CA125 decreased to 16 U/mL after surgery. Sixteen months post-surgery, the patient is disease free and with normal CA125. Ovarian adenosarcomas are more aggressive than adenosarcomas of the uterus. Because of the embryological origin, ovarian adenosarcomas are able to produce CA125 antigen, especially in the presence of sarcomatous overgrowth. With these facts, CA125 antigen may be useful as a prognostic factor because it may represent an indirect marker of sarcomatous overgrowth. CA125 may be useful for follow-up of ovarian adenosarcomas. Elevated CA125 antigen in adenosarcomas of the ovary may be indicative of sarcomatous overgrowth and poor prognosis.Cirugia y cirujanos 76(1):71-5. · 0.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Extrauterine adenosarcoma is very rare and originates in the ovary, adnexa, or myometrium. Cytologic study of ascites is very important to determine clinical staging of malignant ovarian tumors and provide adequate therapy for recurrence. The cytomorphologic features of adenosarcoma have been only rarely described. A 77-yr-old woman visited a hospital with a complaint of lower abdominal pain for 1 mo. A tumor originating from the right adnexa in the pelvis, and involving the rectum, was found in surgery. In the ascitic fluid cytology, a few dispersed tumor cells with large cytoplasm and nuclei were oval-shaped, with nuclear invagination. The chromatin was finely granular; one or two nucleoli were conspicuous. To our knowledge, this is the fifteenth reported case of adenosarcoma of the ovary, and there have been no prior reports describing the cytological features of ascitic fluid cells in adenosarcoma of the ovary. Diagn. Cytopathol. 24:343–346, 2001. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.Diagnostic Cytopathology 05/2001; 24(5):343 - 346. DOI:10.1002/dc.1074 · 1.52 Impact Factor