Article

The effect of computer-based reminders on the management of hospitalized patients with worsening renal function.

Center for Clinical Computing, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
Proceedings / the ... Annual Symposium on Computer Application [sic] in Medical Care. Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care 02/1991;
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We performed a prospective time-series study to determine whether computerized reminders to physicians about rising creatinine levels in hospitalized patients receiving nephrotoxic and renally excreted medications led to more rapid adjustment or discontinuation of those medications, and to evaluate physician acceptance of computerized reminders. Laboratory data were followed on 10,076 patients over 13,703 admissions generating 1104 events of rising creatinine levels during treatment with nephrotoxic or renally excreted medications. During the intervention period, medications were adjusted or discontinued an average of 21.1 hours sooner (p less than 0.0001) after such an event occurred when compared with the control period. This effect of the reminders was strongest for patients receiving renally excreted and mildly nephrotoxic medications. Of physicians who responded to a computerized survey, 53% said that the reminders had been helpful in the care of their patients, while 31% felt that the reminders were annoying. Seventy-three percent wished to continue receiving computerized reminders. We conclude that computerized reminders are well-accepted in our hospital and have a strong effect on physician behavior.

0 Followers
 · 
61 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Healthcare costs are increasing rapidly and at an unsustainable rate in many countries, and inpatient hospitalizations are a significant driver of these costs. Clinical decision support (CDS) represents a promising approach to not only improve care but to reduce costs in the inpatient setting. The purpose of this study was to systematically review trials of CDS interventions with the potential to reduce inpatient costs, so as to identify promising interventions for more widespread implementation and to inform future research in this area. To identify relevant studies, MEDLINE was searched up to July 2013. CDS intervention studies with the potential to reduce inpatient healthcare costs were identified through titles and abstracts, and full text articles were reviewed to make a final determination on inclusion. Relevant characteristics of the studies were extracted and summarized. Following a screening of 7,663 articles, 78 manuscripts were included. 78.2% of studies were controlled before-after studies, and 15.4% were randomized controlled trials. 53.8% of the studies were focused on pharmacotherapy. The majority of manuscripts were published during or after 2008. 70.5% of the studies resulted in statistically and clinically significant improvements in an explicit financial measure or a proxy financial measure. Only 12.8% of the studies directly measured the financial impact of an intervention, whereas the financial impact was inferred in the remainder of studies. Data on cost effectiveness was available for only one study. Significantly more research is required on the impact of clinical decision support on inpatient costs. In particular, there is a remarkable gap in the availability of cost effectiveness studies required by policy makers and decision makers in healthcare systems.
    BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 12/2013; 13(1):135. DOI:10.1186/1472-6947-13-135 · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The evaluation of clinical information systems is essential as they are increasingly used in clinical routine and may even influence patient outcome on the basis of reminder functions and decision support. Therefore we try to answer three questions in this paper: what to evaluate; how to evaluate; how to interpret the results. Those key questions lead to the discussion of goals, methods and results of evaluation studies in a common context. We will compare the objectivist and the subjectivist evaluation approach and illustrate the evaluation process itself in some detail, discussing different phases of software development and potential evaluation techniques in each phase. We use four different practical examples of evaluation studies that were conducted in various settings to demonstrate how defined evaluation goals may be achieved with a limited amount of resources. This also illustrates advantages, limitations and costs of the different evaluation methods and techniques that may be used when evaluating clinical information systems.
    Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10/2001; 7(4):373 - 385. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2753.2001.00291.x · 1.58 Impact Factor
  • Source

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
16 Downloads
Available from
May 15, 2014