Marked variation in blood beta-hexosaminidase in Gaucher disease
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United StatesClinica Chimica Acta (Impact Factor: 2.82). 11/1991; 203(1):17-22. DOI: 10.1016/0009-8981(91)90152-3
Gaucher disease is due to a primary deficiency of acid beta-glucosidase activity and is associated with secondary elevations of several plasma/serum lysosomal enzyme activities, including beta-hexosaminidase. We analyzed plasma and serum beta-hexosaminidase A & B activities in 55 patients with enzyme-documented Gaucher disease. The mean beta-hexosaminidase activity was increased and the percent of the A isozyme decreased, consistent with earlier studies. Gaucher disease patients had 2,067 +/- 1,491 nmol ml-1 h-1 units of beta-hexosaminidase activity with 51.9 +/- 15.5% beta-hexosaminidase A compared to 1,086 +/- 260 nmol ml-1 h-1 and 67.8 +/- 4.0% beta-hexosaminidase A in normal controls and 965 +/- 261 nmol ml-1 h-1 and 43.6 +/- 5.5% beta-hexosaminidase A in Tay-Sachs disease heterozygotes. Contrary to previous reports, marked heterogeneity of both total plasma/serum enzyme activity and isozyme pattern was noted, as some patients had normal enzyme levels and others had severe reductions in the percent of hexosaminidase A. These data argue against the suggestions of recent studies that routine serum beta-hexosaminidase testing done in Tay-Sachs disease heterozygote detection programs can be effectively used to screen for patients with Gaucher disease.
- Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 02/1993; 16(5):897-8. DOI:10.1007/BF00714288 · 3.37 Impact Factor
Article: Gaucher DiseaseMedicine 12/1995; 74(6):305-23. DOI:10.1097/00005792-199511000-00002 · 5.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A nearly pathognomonic finding of the lysosomal storage disorders mucolipidoses II and III is the marked increase of plasma lysosomal enzyme activities. The genetic lesion in ML II and III causes defective function of the enzyme UDP-GlcNAc:lysosomal enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase. Defective function of this enzyme results in deficient phosphorylation of lysosomal enzyme asparagine-linked oligosaccharides and a consequent misrouting of many newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes. These enzymes are secreted from cells instead of being targeted to lysosomes, with resultant marked elevations of multiple lysosomal enzyme activities in plasma. We report here that plasma hyaluronidase activity, an endoglycosidase of presumably lysosomal origin, is not increased in the plasma from individuals with mucolipidoses II and III, unlike most lysosomal enzymes. Our data suggest the possibility that hyaluronidase is not targeted to lysosomes by a lysosomal enzyme phosphosmannosyl recognition mechanism. Alternatively, hyaluronidase activity may not be present in the cell type(s) responsible for the lysosomal enzyme hypersecretion in mucolipidoses II and III which, along with its deficiency in fibroblasts and leukocytes, would constitute an unusual tissue distribution of activity for a soluble lysosomal enzyme.American Journal of Medical Genetics 10/1996; 65(3):209-12. DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19961028)65:3<209::AID-AJMG7>3.0.CO;2-K · 3.23 Impact Factor
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