Nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding infectious laryngotracheitis virus glycoprotein B.
ABSTRACT The nucleotide sequence of the infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) gene encoding the 205K complex glycoprotein (gp205) was determined. The gene is contained within a 3-kb EcoRI restriction fragment mapping at approximately map coordinates 0.23 to 0.25 in the UL region of the ILTV genome and is transcribed from right to left. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the DNA fragment identified a single, long open reading frame capable of encoding 873 amino acids. The predicted precursor polypeptide derived from this open reading frame would have a calculated Mr of 98,895 Da and contains nine potential glycosylation sites. Hydropathic analysis indicates the presence of an amino terminal hydrophobic sequence and hydrophobic carboxyl terminal domain which may function as a signal peptide and a membrane anchor sequence, respectively. Comparison of the predicted ILTV gp205 protein sequence with those of other herpesviruses revealed a significant sequence similarity with gB-like glycoproteins. Extensive homology was observed throughout the molecule except for the amino and carboxyl termini. The high homology in predicted primary and secondary structures is consistent with the essential role of the gB family of proteins for viral infectivity and pathogenesis.
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ABSTRACT: Glycoprotein B (gB) is the most highly conserved envelope glycoprotein of herpesviruses. The gB protein is required for virus infectivity and cell penetration. Recombinant forms of gB being used for the development of subunit vaccines are able to induce virus-neutralizing antibodies and protective efficacy in animal models. To gain structural information about the protein, we have determined the location of the disulfide bonds of a 696-amino-acid residue truncated, recombinant form of herpes simplex virus type 2 glycoprotein gB (HSV gB2t) produced by expression in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The purified protein, which contains virtually the entire extracellular domain of herpes simplex virus type 2 gB, was digested with trypsin under nonreducing conditions, and peptides were isolated by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The peptides were characterized by using mass spectrometry and amino acid sequence analysis. The conditions of cleavage (4 M urea, pH 7) induced partial carbamylation of the N termini of the peptides, and each disulfide peptide was found with two or three different HPLC retention times (peptides with and without carbamylation of either one or both N termini). The 10 cysteines of the molecule were found to be involved in disulfide bridges. These bonds were located between Cys-89 (C1) and Cys-548 (C8), Cys-106 (C2) and Cys-504 (C7), Cys-180 (C3) and Cys-244 (C4), Cys-337 (C5) and Cys-385 (C6), and Cys-571 (C9) and Cys-608 (C10). These disulfide bonds are anticipated to be similar in the corresponding gBs from other herpesviruses because the 10 cysteines listed above are always conserved in the corresponding protein sequences.Journal of Virology 12/1996; 70(11):7379-87. · 5.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: As part of our vaccine program, we have purified a recombinant form of human cytomegalovirus glycoprotein B that is able to induce high titers of virus-neutralizing antibodies. The isolated protein was found to be phosphorylated at a serine residue in position -7 from the C terminus of the protein. The corresponding synthetic peptide, HLKDSDEEENV, was an efficient in vitro substrate of casein kinase II.Journal of Virology 09/1996; 70(8):5716-9. · 5.40 Impact Factor
Article: Glycoprotein B of herpes simplex virus type 1 oligomerizes through the intermolecular interaction of a 28-amino-acid domain.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Herpes simplex virus type 1 glycoprotein B (gB) is an envelope component that plays an essential role in virus infection. The biologically active form of gB is an oligomer that contributes to the process of viral envelope fusion with the cell surface membrane, resulting in viral penetration and initiation of the replication cycle. In previous studies, two discontinuous sites for oligomer formation were identified: a nonessential upstream site located between residues 93 and 282 and an essential downstream site located between residues 596 and 711. In this study, in vitro-transcribed and -translated gB test molecules were used to characterize the more active essential membrane-proximal domain. A series of gB test polypeptides mutated in this downstream oligomerization domain were assayed for their abilities to form oligomers with a mutant gB capture polypeptide containing the analogous wild-type domain. Detection of oligomers was achieved by coimmunoprecipitation of two gB mutant molecules by using a monoclonal antibody specific for a hemagglutinin epitope tag introduced into the coding sequence of the capture polypeptide. Analysis of the immune-precipitated products by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis demonstrated that the downstream oligomerization domain resided within residues 626 to 676. This region was further resolved into two segments, residues 626 to 653 and 653 to 675, each of which was independently sufficient to form oligomers. However, residues 626 to 653 provided for a stronger interaction between gB monomers. Moreover, this stretch of 28 amino acids was shown to form oligomers when introduced into the carboxy-terminal region of gB monomers lacking this domain at the normal site, thus indicating that this domain was functionally independent of its natural location within the gB molecule. Further analysis of the sequence within residues 596 to 653 by using mutant test polypeptides altered in individual amino acids revealed that cysteines 9 and 10 located at positions 596 and 633, respectively, were not required for oligomer formation but contributed to dimer formation and/or stabilization. The results of this study suggest that oligomerization of gB monomers is induced by interactions between contiguous residues localized within the ectodomain near the site of molecule insertion into the viral envelope membrane.Journal of Virology 04/1996; 70(3):1640-50. · 5.40 Impact Factor