Protein heat denaturation and study of membrane lipid-protein interactions by spin label ESR

Biology Department, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods (Impact Factor: 1.81). 02/1991; 22(1):55-9. DOI: 10.1016/0165-022X(91)90081-7
Source: PubMed


Spinach chloroplast membranes labelled with stearic acid-spin probe-bearing nitroxyl (label) moiety at 5th, 9th, 12th, 13th, 14th or 16th carbon locations with respect to the carboxylic group of stearic acid were studied (in the dark) by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. Spectra were recorded at sample temperatures of 5, 30 and 67 degrees C. After heat denaturation of the membrane proteins for 5 min at 67 degrees C, the spectra were re-recorded at 30 and 5 degrees C for comparison. The results unequivocally show that membrane lipid fatty-acyl chains become substantially more rigid after protein heat-denaturation. The data throw light on the degree of lipid-protein interactions at various microlocations along the length of fatty-acyl chains of the membrane lipid matrix.

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