El desafío de evaluar familias desde un enfoque eco-sistémico: nuevos aportes a la validez y confiabilidad de la Escala NCFAS

In book: Familia y Diversidad, Publisher: Fundación San José para la Adopción, Editors: Ladislao Lira, pp.95-126.
Download full-text


Available from: Esteban Alonso Gómez Muzzio, Oct 02, 2015
253 Reads
  • Source
    • "Algunos instrumentos con versión en castellano son: el instrumento Child Well-being Scale (Magura y Moses, 1986) traducida y validada por De Pául y Arruabarrena (1999) evalúa diversos aspectos como el cuidado parental para la satisfacción de necesidades infantiles, la disposición parental y el trato que recibe el niño que garantizan el bienestar infantil en el hogar. Johnson y colaboradores (2006), a partir de una revisión de 85 instrumentos para evaluar el funcionamiento familiar, señalaron el North Carolina Family Assessement Scale (NCFAS) (Reed-Ashcraft, Kirk y Fraser, 2001) como uno de los instrumentos con mejores cualidades para ser usado en los Servicios Sociales que, además, cuenta con una traducción castellana (Gómez, 2010). Esta escala evalúa, por ejemplo, la supervisión del niño y las prácticas disciplinarias. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper describes the development of a scale to assess parental competence and resilience in psychosocial risk contexts. The research was conducted with 63 professionals from the Gran Canaria social services, (Canary Islands, Spain) over 498 cases of at-risk families. The factor structure was obtained by Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM) with oblimin rotation, and the estimation method using the Weighted Least Squares with moving measurement window (WLSMW) for confirmatory purposes. The mothers scale showed a structure of five factors with 44 items: Personal Development and Resilience, Household Organization, Seek of Support, Educational Competence, and Community Competence. These factors showed good internal consistency (ordinal alpha ranging from .70 to .97). The fathers scale consisted of 4 factors with 32 items: Personal Development and Resilience, Educational and Household Organization Competence, Community Competence, Seek of support. These factors showed good internal consistency with ordinal alpha ranging from .68 to .97. The results suggested that the questionnaire, in its double version for mothers and fathers, captures the specificities of each parental role and showed sound psychometric properties that make it suitable for the social services field.
    Anales de Psicología 10/2013; 29(3):886-896. DOI:10.6018/analesps.29.3.150981 · 0.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: “Viviendo en Familia” is a program aimed at strengthening a positive and well-treating parenting, which addresses situations of child abuse, neglect and domestic violence, from the ecosystem approach of Family Resilience. The study evaluated the program results in 543 cases treated between January 2008 and July 2010; using pre-post intervention measurements with the North Carolina Family Assessment Scale, NCFAS (Valencia & Gómez, 2010). All child protection indicators showed a statistically significant improvement (p < .001), except couple violence, with greater outcomes in emotional abuse and parental neglect. In NCFAS global dimensions (environment, parental competencies, family interactions, family safety and child well-being), there was a significant shift (p < .001) to the range of strength. Of the 31 variables evaluated, families averaged 5.9 moderate/serious problems at admission, decreasing to 2.2 at discharge (p < .001). Of the cases that completed the intervention, the cumulative rate of relapse to SENAME network programs was 3.4% at 6 months, 4.7% at 12 months and 6.5% at 18 months follow up. We obtained higher levels of achievement based on the degree of staff's fidelity to the program design, being a challenge to consider.
    12/2012; 21(3):259–271. DOI:10.5093/in2012a23