Determination of diltiazem hydrochloride enantiomers in dog plasma using chiral stationary-phase liquid chromatography.
ABSTRACT The separation and determination of d- and l-diltiazem hydrochloride in dog plasma by a two-column high-performance liquid chromatographic technique are described. Diltiazem hydrochloride and its metabolites were extracted from dog plasma and analyzed on a conventional column (Nucleosil 5C18) with a volatile buffer system. The column effluent of diltiazem hydrochloride was collected and evaporated. The enantiomeric ratio of the collected diltiazem was determined using a chiral column (Chiralcel OC). The method was accurate and sensitive.