Simultaneous resection of colorectal carcinoma and synchronous liver metastases in a district hospital

Department of Surgery, Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Brüder, St Veit/Glan, Austria.
International Journal of Colorectal Disease (Impact Factor: 2.45). 06/1991; 6(2):111-4. DOI: 10.1007/BF00300206
Source: PubMed


Of 491 patients operated for carcinomas of the colon or rectum between 1984 and 1989, 106 were tumour stage IV, U.I.C.C.(Dukes' 'D') at time of operation. In 22 of these cases a radical resection of the carcinoma of the colon or rectum and of synchronous liver metastases was performed simultaneously. In 20 patients the metastases were confined to one, in two they were found in both hepatic lobes. In one case a solitary metastasis of the lower lobe of the right lung was resected additionally. Three right-sided hemihepatectomies, one extended right hemihepatectomy, five left-sided hemihepatectomies, three left-sided lateral segmentectomies, seven atypical segmental resections and three wedge resections were performed. The mean operation time for the radical resection of the carcinomas of the colon or rectum as well as of the liver metastases was 3.5 (3-5.2)hours. An average of 3 (0-9) blood units were needed intraoperatively. The major liver resections were performed in complete normothermic vascular ischaemia using the finger fracture method. The time of ischaemia ranged between 8 and 25 min. Only 1 of 22 patients died postoperatively (30 days postoperative hospital mortality rate 4.5%). Five of 17 patients were free of tumour 2 years after operation. Eight of 22 were alive 2 years after operation (non-age corrected 2-year survival rate 36.4%), 2 of them are alive more than 5 years after treatment. Our results demonstrate that simultaneous resection of colon or rectum carcinoma and of synchronous (resectable) liver metastases can be performed successfully, even in a district hospital.

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