Simultaneous resection of colorectal carcinoma and synchronous liver metastases in a district hospital.
ABSTRACT Of 491 patients operated for carcinomas of the colon or rectum between 1984 and 1989, 106 were tumour stage IV, U.I.C.C.(Dukes' 'D') at time of operation. In 22 of these cases a radical resection of the carcinoma of the colon or rectum and of synchronous liver metastases was performed simultaneously. In 20 patients the metastases were confined to one, in two they were found in both hepatic lobes. In one case a solitary metastasis of the lower lobe of the right lung was resected additionally. Three right-sided hemihepatectomies, one extended right hemihepatectomy, five left-sided hemihepatectomies, three left-sided lateral segmentectomies, seven atypical segmental resections and three wedge resections were performed. The mean operation time for the radical resection of the carcinomas of the colon or rectum as well as of the liver metastases was 3.5 (3-5.2)hours. An average of 3 (0-9) blood units were needed intraoperatively. The major liver resections were performed in complete normothermic vascular ischaemia using the finger fracture method. The time of ischaemia ranged between 8 and 25 min. Only 1 of 22 patients died postoperatively (30 days postoperative hospital mortality rate 4.5%). Five of 17 patients were free of tumour 2 years after operation. Eight of 22 were alive 2 years after operation (non-age corrected 2-year survival rate 36.4%), 2 of them are alive more than 5 years after treatment. Our results demonstrate that simultaneous resection of colon or rectum carcinoma and of synchronous (resectable) liver metastases can be performed successfully, even in a district hospital.
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ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading worldwide health concern that is responsible for thousands of deaths each year. The primary source of mortality for patients with CRC is the development and subsequent progression of metastatic disease. The most common site for distant metastatic disease is the liver. Although patients with metastatic disease to the liver have several effective treatment options, the only one for cure remains surgical resection of the liver metastases. Historically, most patients with liver metastases have had unresectable disease, and only a small percentage of patients have undergone complete curative resection. However, improved systemic therapies have led to an evolution in strategies to treat metastatic CRC to the liver. Under most conditions the management of these patients remains complex; and as chemotherapy options and new targeted therapies continue to improve outcomes, it is clear that a multidisciplinary approach must be the foundation on which advanced surgical and medical techniques are employed. Here, in this review, we highlight the role of targeted therapies in the surgical management of patients with metastatic CRC to the liver.Journal of gastrointestinal oncology 09/2013; 4(3):328-36.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to investigate the surgical management and outcomes of patients with primary colorectal cancer (CRC) and synchronous liver metastasis (sCRLM). STUDY DESIGN: Using a multi-institutional database, we identified 1,004 patients treated for sCRLM between 1982 and 2011. Clinicopathologic and outcomes data were evaluated with uni- and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: A simultaneous CRC and liver operation was performed in 329 (33%) patients; 675 (67%) underwent a staged approach ("classic" staged approach, n = 647; liver-first strategy, n = 28). Patients managed with the liver-first approach had more hepatic lesions and were more likely to have bilateral disease than those in the other 2 groups (p < 0.05). The use of staged operative strategies increased over the time of the study from 58% to 75% (p < 0.001). Liver-directed therapy included hepatectomy (90%) or combined resection + ablation (10%). A major resection (>3 segments) was more common with a staged approach (39% vs 24%; p < 0.001). Overall, 509 patients (50%) received chemotherapy in either the preoperative (22%) or adjuvant (28%) settings, with 11% of patients having both. There were 197 patients (20%) who had a complication in the postoperative period, with no difference in morbidity between staged and simultaneous groups or major vs minor hepatectomies (p > 0.05). Ninety-day postoperative mortality was 3.0%, with no difference between simultaneous and staged approaches (p = 0.94). The overall median and 5-year survivals were 50.9 months and 44%, respectively; long-term survival was the same regardless of the operative approach (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous and staged resections for sCRLM can be performed with comparable morbidity, mortality, and long-term oncologic outcomes.Journal of the American College of Surgeons 02/2013; · 4.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background The optimal management of colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases has not yet been elucidated. The aim of the present study was systematically to review current evidence concerning the timing and sequence of surgical interventions: colon first, liver first or simultaneous.MethodsA systematic literature review was performed of clinical studies comparing the timing and sequence of surgical interventions in patients with synchronous liver metastases. Retrospective studies were included but case reports and small case series were excluded. Preoperative and intraoperative data, length of hospital stay, perioperative mortality and morbidity, and 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were compared. The studies were evaluated according to a modification of the methodological index for non-randomized studies (MINORS) criteria.ResultsEighteen papers were included and 21 entries analysed. Five entries favoured the simultaneous approach regarding duration of procedure, whereas three showed no difference; five entries favoured simultaneous treatment in terms of blood loss, whereas in four there was no difference; and all studies comparing length of hospital stay favoured the simultaneous approach. Five studies favoured the simultaneous approach in terms of morbidity and eight found no difference, and no study demonstrated a difference in perioperative mortality. One study suggested a better 5-year survival rate after staged procedures, and another suggested worse 1-year but better 3- and 5-year survival rates following the simultaneous approach. The median MINORS score was 10, with incomplete follow-up and outcome reporting accounting primarily for low scores.Conclusion None of the three surgical strategies for synchronous colorectal liver metastases appeared inferior to the others.British Journal of Surgery 03/2014; · 4.84 Impact Factor