Influence of oxytocin infusion during oestrus and the early luteal phase on progesterone secretion and the establishment of pregnancy in ewes.

Department of Anatomy, School of Medical Sciences, Bristol, UK.
J Reprod Fertil 08/1991; 92(2):383-91. DOI: 10.1530/jrf.0.0920383
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In Experiment 1, an osmotic minipump containing oxytocin was implanted s.c. in ewes for 12 days beginning on Day 10 of the oestrous cycle, producing approximately 100 pg oxytocin/ml in the plasma. Two days after the start of infusion, all ewes were injected with 100 micrograms cloprostenol and placed with a fertile ram. At slaughter 22 days later, 9 (75%) of the 12 control (saline-infused) ewes were pregnant compared with 1 (11%) of the 9 ewes infused with oxytocin. In the control group, midcycle plasma concentrations of oxytocin were significantly higher in nonpregnant than in pregnant ewes. In Experiment 2, an infertile ram was used throughout to avoid any possible effects of pregnancy and oxytocin infusions were given at different stages of the oestrous cycle. Otherwise the protocol was similar to that in Exp. 1. Oxytocin infusion during luteolysis and the early follicular phase had no effect on the subsequent progesterone secretion pattern, but infusions beginning the day before cloprostenol-induced luteolysis and lasting for 7 or 12 days and infusions beginning on the day of oestrus for 4 days all delayed the subsequent rise in plasma progesterone by approximately 3-4 days. In these animals, the cycle tended to be longer. It was concluded that an appropriate oxytocin secretion pattern may be necessary for the establishment of pregnancy in ewes and that a high circulating oxytocin concentration during the early luteal phase delays the development of the young corpus luteum.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Jugular venous blood samples were collected throughout a complete oestrous cycle from 9 mares for measurement of progesterone and oxytocin by radioimmunoassay. Mean oxytocin concentrations remained at approximately 1 pg/ml throughout, with no evidence of cyclic variation in the release pattern. Extracts of corpus luteum and follicles obtained from a further 33 mares at different stages of the cycle all contained oxytocin concentrations of less than 10 pg/g wet weight of tissue. We conclude that the ovaries are not a source of circulating oxytocin during the oestrous cycle in this species. The plasma oxytocin concentrations reported here are substantially lower than those found by other groups.
    J Reprod Fertil 12/1991; 93(2):437-41. DOI:10.1530/jrf.0.0930437
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Yildiz A., Z. Erisir : Effects of Exogenous Oxytocin on Embryonic Survival in Cows. Acta Vet Brno 2006, 75: 73-78. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oxytocin on embryonic survival in dairy cows. Pregnancy was verified using the early pregnancy factor (EPF) activity on Day 4 after artificial insemination (AI). Pregnant cows were randomly allotted to two groups: treated (n = 8) and control (n = 8). Oxytocin (100 IU, 5 ml, DIF Turkey) was administered twice daily by intravenous injections to treated cows and sterile saline (5 ml) to control cows immediately before milking on days 4 to 7 after AI. Blood samples were taken via jugular vein every day from day 4 to 8 and every other day until Day 20 following insemination to evaluate the effect of oxytocin on embryonic survival. The embryonic loss was diagnosed in 3 of the 8 cows treated with oxytocin, and embryonic survival rate was 62.5% in this group versus 87.5% in controls. Short cycles occurred in 37.5% of oxytocin-treated cows. At the same time their serum progesterone concentrations rose more slowly than in controls. It was concluded that cows administered oxytocin on days 4 to 7 after insemination are at a higher risk of pregnancy loss.
    Acta Veterinaria Brno 03/2006; 75(1):73-78. DOI:10.2754/avb200675010073 · 0.45 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxytocin was identified in ovaries recovered on Day 5 (+/- 1) of the luteal phase from three female marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus). With use of a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay, expression of mRNA for oxytocin and oxytocin receptor was detected in both luteal tissue and in the ovarian remnant. Evidence for ovarian synthesis of oxytocin was provided by immunohistochemistry, which showed positive staining for oxytocin and neurophysin in the cytoplasm of the luteal cells. Some luteal cells had a more intensely stained perinuclear region than others for oxytocin immunoreactivity, whereas the staining for neurophysin was evenly distributed. Granulosa and theca cells of antral follicles also showed positive staining for oxytocin immunoreactivity; no reactivity was found in fibroblast or endothelial cells. Oxytocin immunoreactivity was also detected in the luteal tissue of all animals by immunoassay, with values ranging from 2.8 to 12.1 ng/g wet weight. The oxytocin concentration for the ovarian remnant was either very low (0.55-0.75 ng/g wet weight) or nondetectable (< 0.5 ng/g wet weight). Local production of oxytocin within the ovary was suggested by the measurement of higher oxytocin concentrations in the blood from ovaries containing corpora lutea compared with peripheral blood. Collectively, these results provide evidence for ovarian biosynthesis of oxytocin and suggest the possibility of a paracrine role in the regulation of primate ovarian function.
    Biology of Reproduction 07/1994; 50(6):1216-22. · 3.45 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 19, 2014