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    ABSTRACT: Gadolinium-DTPA enhanced MRI is the modality of choice when imaging central nervous system infratentorial tumors in the pediatric population. The detection of a new enhancing lesion following initiation of therapy is typically considered pathognomonic for recurrent or metastatic tumor. We report two pediatric patients with infratentorial central nervous system tumors who demonstrated new areas of enhancement with gadolinium-DTPA enhanced MRI following initiation of multimodality therapy. Both patients had surgical biopsy of the new lesions with histologic review failing to demonstrate viable tumor. These studies suggest caution in considering new enhancing lesions detected by MRI in a child with a brain tumor pathognomonic for new sites of active tumor.
    Medical and Pediatric Oncology 01/1993; 21(5):350-5. DOI:10.1002/mpo.2950210508
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is becoming the method of choice for evaluation of central nervous system tumors. However, the sensitivity of this modality raises concern that new lesions in patients previously diagnosed with a brain tumor may not necessarily represent recurrent disease. We report a patient previously treated with surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy for a medulloblastoma who developed a new lesion in the floor of the fourth ventricle. Histologic review following excision revealed an arteriovenous malformation.
    Medical and Pediatric Oncology 02/1994; 22(2):140-3. DOI:10.1002/mpo.2950220216
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, major advances in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with brain tumors have been seen. Today, evaluation of the central nervous system almost always includes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The appearance of a new lesion on the MRI scan of a patient previously treated for a central nervous system (CNS) tumor raises concern for recurrent disease with the need for selection of new, potentially toxic therapy. However, the sensitivity of MRI may allow demonstration of new lesions which are not due to tumor. We now report three patients with medulloblastoma who demonstrated new enhancing lesions on MRI following treatment of their tumors with surgery (3 patients), chemotherapy (2 patients), and radiotherapy (2 patients). Two patients underwent resection of the lesion revealing gliosis. One patient had serial imaging that showed disappearance of the lesions. This suggests that not all new enhancing lesions in previously treated brain tumor patients represent tumor. Histologic proof of a suspicious lesion should be demonstrated prior to initiation of new therapy.
    Medical and Pediatric Oncology 03/1997; 28(2):127-31. DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1096-911X(199702)28:23.0.CO;2-M
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